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Los procesos de aglomeración en Colombia a la luz de la nueva geografía económica

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  • Juan Esteban Vélez Villegas

    ()

Abstract

Desde su aparición a comienzos de los años noventa,con los trabajos de Krugman, Venables, Fujita yotros autores, la Nueva Geografía Económica" haabierto numerosos frentes de investigación teóricaal mostrar cómo la combinación de retornos crecientesa escala, las imperfecciones del mercado ylos costos de transporte crean una serie de fuerzas"centrípetas" y "centrífugas" que, junto con las dotacionesde los factores, determinan la distribuciónde las actividades económicas en el espacio.En esta investigación, utilizando datos para los municipioscolombianos, se estiman los parámetrosestructurales del modelo desarrollado por Helpman(1995) y Hanson (1998), que se ha convertido en lamejor alternativa para contrastar empíricamente laNueva Geografía Económica. Los resultados confirmanla existencia de una estructura espacial desalarios en Colombia, así como un fortalecimientode los procesos de aglomeración alrededor de lasprincipales ciudades del país, y muy especialmenteen torno a Bogotá."

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Esteban Vélez Villegas, 2009. "Los procesos de aglomeración en Colombia a la luz de la nueva geografía económica," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 27(58), pages 106-139, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:005845
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Fuentes y métodos para la reconstrucción de PIBs regionales en Colombia. Siglos XIX y XX
      [Sources and methods for the reconstruction of regional GDPs in Colombia. 19th and 20th centuries]
      ," MPRA Paper 52394, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    nueva geografía económica; estructuraespacial de salarios; Colombia; potencialde mercado; aglomeraciones.;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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