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Los procesos de aglomeración en Colombia a la luz de la nueva geografía económica

  • Juan Esteban Vélez Villegas

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    Desde su aparición a comienzos de los años noventa,con los trabajos de Krugman, Venables, Fujita yotros autores, la Nueva Geografía Económica" haabierto numerosos frentes de investigación teóricaal mostrar cómo la combinación de retornos crecientesa escala, las imperfecciones del mercado ylos costos de transporte crean una serie de fuerzas"centrípetas" y "centrífugas" que, junto con las dotacionesde los factores, determinan la distribuciónde las actividades económicas en el espacio.En esta investigación, utilizando datos para los municipioscolombianos, se estiman los parámetrosestructurales del modelo desarrollado por Helpman(1995) y Hanson (1998), que se ha convertido en lamejor alternativa para contrastar empíricamente laNueva Geografía Económica. Los resultados confirmanla existencia de una estructura espacial desalarios en Colombia, así como un fortalecimientode los procesos de aglomeración alrededor de lasprincipales ciudades del país, y muy especialmenteen torno a Bogotá."

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    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 58 (August)
    Pages: 106-139

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:005845
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    1. Luis Armando Galvis A. & Adolfo Meisel, 2001. "El crecimiento económico de las ciudades colombianas y sus determinantes, 1973 - 1998," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, March.
    2. Cristina Fernández, 1998. "Agglomeration And Trade The Case Of Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 17(33), pages 85-123, June.
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    7. Gordon H. Hanson & Chong Xiang, 2004. "The Home-Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(4), pages 1108-1129, September.
    8. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos, 2004. "El Impuesto Predial en Colombia: Evolución Reciente, Comportamiento de las Tarifas y Potencial de Recaudo," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002515, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    11. OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco & THISSE, Jacques-François, 1999. "Agglomeration and trade revisited," CORE Discussion Papers 1999041, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    12. Steven Brakman & Harry Garretsen & Marc Schramm, 2005. "Putting New Economic Geography to the Test: Free-ness of Trade and Agglomeration in the EU Regions," CESifo Working Paper Series 1566, CESifo Group Munich.
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    15. Feenstra, Robert C, 1994. "New Product Varieties and the Measurement of International Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 157-77, March.
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    17. Salomón Kalmanovitz, . "Las Instituciones Colombianas en el Siglo XX," Borradores de Economia 131, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    18. OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco I.P. & THISSE, Jacques-François, 2004. "New economic geography : what about the N ?," CORE Discussion Papers 2004065, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    19. S. Brakman & H Garretsen & M. Schramm, 2003. "The Strategic Bombing of German Cities during World War II and its Impact for Germany," Working Papers 03-08, Utrecht School of Economics.
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    23. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "La covergencia regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional 08, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    25. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
    26. Michael Roos, . "Wages and Market Potential in Germany," Discussion Papers in Economics 00_09, University of Dortmund, Department of Economics.
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