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Población y desarrollo en la periferia colombiana en el siglo XX

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  • Julio E. Romero-Prieto

Abstract

En este documento se analizan los cambios demográficos del Caribe y el Pacífico colombianos usando ocho censos, seis encuestas demográficas y registros vitales. Hasta cierto punto, los procesos de población han sido similares en estas regiones. Sin embargo, se encontraron diferencias notables en comparación con Bogotá y el resto del país. A pesar de una reducción sistemática en la razón de dependencia, la dependencia económica efectiva es superior a otras regiones de Colombia, siendo este uno de los límites al desarrollo económico de la periferia. Una estimación retrospectiva de la mortalidad en la primera infancia de estas regiones muestra una disminución sustancial en las últimas décadas, pero la diferencia con el resto del país representa la penalidad de nacer y vivir en las regiones menos desarrolladas de Colombia. Estimaciones indirectas de la mortalidad adulta y la esperanza de vida en edades productivas conducen a la misma conclusión.

Suggested Citation

  • Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2016. "Población y desarrollo en la periferia colombiana en el siglo XX," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 10(1), pages 7-50, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000411:014835
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Colombia; Región Caribe; Región Pacifica; cambio demográfico; estimación demográfica; mortalidad; esperanza de vida; censos de población; ENDS.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J19 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Other
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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