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Inequality of opportunity in adult health in Colombia

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  • Johanna Fajardo-Gonzalez

    () (University of Minnesota)

Abstract

Abstract This paper measures inequality of opportunity in adult health in Colombia using the 2010 Living Standards and Social Mobility Survey, a rich dataset that provides unique information about individual childhood circumstances in that country. Dissimilarity and Gini-opportunity indexes are calculated to provide different measures of inequality of opportunity using a self-reported variable for health status. The Shapley-value decomposition is then used to estimate the contribution of early-life circumstances such as parental background, region of origin and ethnicity to inequality of opportunity. The findings suggest that 8 % to 10 % of the circumstance-driven opportunities distinctively enjoyed by those who are healthier should be redistributed or otherwise compensated in order to achieve equality of opportunity. Differences in household socio-economic status during childhood and parental educational attainment appear to be the most salient dimensions of inequality of opportunity in adult health.

Suggested Citation

  • Johanna Fajardo-Gonzalez, 2016. "Inequality of opportunity in adult health in Colombia," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 14(4), pages 395-416, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jecinq:v:14:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1007_s10888-016-9338-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s10888-016-9338-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:lde:journl:y:2017:i:87:p:125-164 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:col:000174:015710 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Childhood; Colombia; Health; Inequality; Opportunity;

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