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Circumstances and Efforts: How important is their correlation for the measurement of inequality of opportunity in health?

Author

Listed:
  • Florence Jusot

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Sandy Tubeuf

    (University of Leeds)

  • Alain Trannoy

    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

Abstract

The way to treat the correlation between circumstances and effort is a central, yet largely neglected issue in the applied literature on inequality of opportunity. This paper adopts three alternative normative ways of treating this correlation championed by Roemer, Barry and Swift and assesses their empirical relevance using survey data. We combine regression analysis with the natural decomposition of the variance to compare the relative contributions of circumstances and efforts to overall health inequality according to the different normative principles. Our results suggest that, in practice, the normative principle on the way to treat the correlation between circumstances and effort makes little difference on the relative contributions of circumstances and efforts to explained health inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Florence Jusot & Sandy Tubeuf & Alain Trannoy, 2013. "Circumstances and Efforts: How important is their correlation for the measurement of inequality of opportunity in health?," Post-Print hal-01526037, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01526037
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.2896
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01526037
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    Cited by:

    1. Kanbur, Ravi & Wagstaff, Adam, 2014. "How Useful Is Inequality Of Opportunity As A Policy Construct?," Working Papers 250005, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14339 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Joan Gil & Guillem López Casasnovas & Toni Mora, 2013. "Taxation of unhealthy consumption of food and drinks: An updated literature review," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 207(4), pages 119-140, December.
    4. Carrieri, V. & Jones, M.A., 2016. "Inequality of opportunity in health: a decomposition-based approach," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 16/05, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    5. Alberto Gago & Xavier Labandeira & Xiral López Otero, 2014. "A Panorama on Energy Taxes and Green Tax Reforms," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 208(1), pages 145-190, March.
    6. Giesecke, Matthias & Okoampah, Sarah, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Retirement Age – The Role of Physical Job Demands," Ruhr Economic Papers 492, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    7. Christine le Clainche & Sandy Tubeuf, 2013. "Nannying, nudging, rewarding? A discussion on the constraints and the degree of control over health status," Working Papers 1306, Academic Unit of Health Economics, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds.
    8. Rafael Carranza & Daniel Hojman, 2015. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health and Cognitive Abilities: The Case of Chile," Working Papers wp410, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    9. López-Casasnovas, Guillem, 2013. "Reconsideración de las políticas fiscales y las responsabilidades en salud. Una nota /A Reconsideration of Fiscal Policies and Health Responsibilities. A Note," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 327-332, Septiembr.
    10. Damien Bricard & Florence Jusot & Alain Trannoy & Sandy Tubeuf, 2017. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health and the Principle of Natural Reward: evidence from European Countries," Working Papers hal-01523949, HAL.
    11. Florence Jusot & Sabine Mage & Marta Menendez, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health in Indonesia," Working Papers DT/2014/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    12. DEUTSCH Joseph & PI ALPERIN Maria Noel & SILBER Jacques, 2016. "Disentangling the impacts of circumstances and efforts on health inequality: the case of Luxembourg," LISER Working Paper Series 2016-07, LISER.
    13. Andrew Jones & John Roemer & Pedro Rosa Dias, 2014. "Equalising opportunities in health through educational policy," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 43(3), pages 521-545, October.
    14. John E. Roemer & Alain Trannoy, 2013. "Equality of Opportunity," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1921, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    15. John E. Roemer & Alain Trannoy, 2016. "Equality of Opportunity: Theory and Measurement," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 54(4), pages 1288-1332, December.
    16. repec:lde:journl:y:2017:i:87:p:125-164 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13753 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:26:y:2017:i:c:p:164-173 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. MUSSARD Stéphane & PI ALPERIN Maria Noel, 2016. "A Two-parameter Family of Socio-economic Health Inequality Indices: Accounting for Risk and Inequality Aversions," LISER Working Paper Series 2016-15, LISER.
    20. repec:zbw:rwirep:0492 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Matthias Giesecke & Sarah Okoampah, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Retirement Age – The Role of Physical Job Demands," Ruhr Economic Papers 0492, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    22. repec:col:000174:015710 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. repec:spr:soinre:v:138:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1690-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Akay, Alpaslan & Bargain, Olivier & Elsayed, Ahmed, 2018. "Everybody's a Victim? Global Terror, Well-Being and Political Attitudes," Working Papers in Economics 733, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.

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