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Ranking populations in terms of Inequality of health opportunity: A flexible latent type approach

Author

Listed:
  • Paolo Brunori

    (University of Florence)

  • Caterina Francesca Guidi

    (European University Institute)

  • Alain Trannoy

    (Aix-Marseille University)

Abstract

We offer a flexible latent type approach to rank populations according to unequal health opportunities. Building upon the latent-class method proposed by Li Donni et al. (2015), our contribution is to let the number of types vary to obtain an opportunity-inequality curve for a population that gives how the between-type inequality varies with the number of types. A population A is said to have less inequality of opportunity than population B if its curve is statistically below that of population B. This version of the latent class approach allows for a robust ranking of 31 European countries regarding inequality of opportunity in health.

Suggested Citation

  • Paolo Brunori & Caterina Francesca Guidi & Alain Trannoy, 2020. "Ranking populations in terms of Inequality of health opportunity: A flexible latent type approach," Working Papers 515, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  • Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2020-515
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    File URL: http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2020-515.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Linzer, Drew A. & Lewis, Jeffrey B., 2011. "poLCA: An R Package for Polytomous Variable Latent Class Analysis," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 42(i10).
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    Cited by:

    1. Agar Brugiavini & Raluca Elena Buia & Matija Kovacic & Cristina Elisa Orso, 2020. "Adverse childhood experiences and risk behaviours later in life: Evidence from SHARE countries," Working Papers 2020:08, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    2. Paolo Brunori & Guido Neidhöfer, 2021. "The Evolution of Inequality of Opportunity in Germany: A Machine Learning Approach," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 67(4), pages 900-927, December.
    3. Carrieri, Vincenzo & Davillas, Apostolos & Jones, Andrew M., 2021. "Equality of Opportunity and the Expansion of Higher Education in the UK," IZA Discussion Papers 14485, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    nequality of opportunity; health inequality; latent class; opportunity-inequality curve; self-assessed health.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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