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Inequity in the face of death

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  • GARCIA-GOMEZ, Pilar

    (Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands; NETSPAR, The Netherlands)

  • SCHOKKAERT, Erik

    () (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Center for Economic Studies, KULeuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium)

  • VAN OURTI, Tom

    (Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands; NETSPAR, The Netherlands)

  • BAGO D’UVA, Teresa

    (Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands; NETSPAR, The Netherlands)

Abstract

We apply the theory of inequality in opportunity to measure inequity in mortality. Our empirical work is based on a rich dataset for the Netherlands (1998-2007), linking information about mortality, health events and lifestyles. We show that distinguishing between different channels via which mortality is affected is necessary to test the sensitivity of the results with respect to different normative positions. Moreover, our model allows for a comparison of the inequity in simulated counterfactual situations, including an evaluation of policy measures. We explicitly make a distinction between inequity in mortality risks and inequity in mortality outcomes. The treatment of this difference - “luck” - has a crucial influence on the results.

Suggested Citation

  • GARCIA-GOMEZ, Pilar & SCHOKKAERT, Erik & VAN OURTI, Tom & BAGO D’UVA, Teresa, 2012. "Inequity in the face of death," CORE Discussion Papers 2012024, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  • Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2012024
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ana I. Balsa & Máximo Rossi & Patricia Triunfo, 2011. "Horizontal Inequity in Access to Health Care in Four South American Cities," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, June.
    2. MUSSARD Stéphane & PI ALPERIN Maria Noel, 2016. "A Two-parameter Family of Socio-economic Health Inequality Indices: Accounting for Risk and Inequality Aversions," LISER Working Paper Series 2016-15, LISER.
    3. Florence Jusot & Sabine Mage & Marta Menendez, 2014. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health in Indonesia," Working Papers DT/2014/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14339 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Damien Bricard & Florence Jusot & Alain Trannoy & Sandy Tubeuf, 2017. "Inequality of Opportunity in Health and the Principle of Natural Reward: evidence from European Countries," Working Papers hal-01523949, HAL.
    6. Arnaud Lefranc & Alain Trannoy, 2016. "Equality of Opportunity: How to encompass Fifty Shades of Luck," Working Papers 394, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    7. Joan Costa Font & Joan Gil Trasfi, 2006. "Socio-Economic Inequalities in Reported Depression in Spain : A Decomposition Approach," Working Papers in Economics 152, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
    8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13753 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Andrew Jones & John Roemer & Pedro Rosa Dias, 2014. "Equalising opportunities in health through educational policy," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 43(3), pages 521-545, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    equity; equality of opportunities; mortality; lifestyle;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality

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