[A Study on the Inequality of Opportunity in Health Care Utilization:Evidence from CHNS 2009]
Abstract: This paper expounds how to combining the research of equity in health economic and Roemer’s equality of opportunity, meanwhile, cross-section data of CHNS2009 is adopted to conduct an empirical study. The results shows that 54.4% of the total health care inequality is due to inequality of opportunity which lies in the range of [46.2%, 85.0%]. Furthermore, the main factors leading to the inequality of health care are the disparities of household register, region and out-of-pocket which are belonged to circumstance. The first two have direct effect on the health care inequality, and the out-of-pocket has an indirect effect on it through individuals’ preference.
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