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El bilingüismo en los bachilleres colombianos

  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba


Colombia is a country with low bilingual proficiency amongst its high school students. Systematically, foreign language test scores of the State Examination (Saber 11) indicate that the vast majority of students who finalize secondary education exhibit low proficiency on their ability to use and understand the English language. Nonetheless, students from bilingual schools achieve significantly higher scores compared to the rest of the student population. In this study, it's demonstrated that the Caribbean Coast's bilingual students have attained a high level of bilingualism when compared to their peers in other Colombian regions, given its tradition of bilingual education. As an explanation for the Caribbean Coast's bilingual students' performance, I propose the region's comparatively high levels of foreign immigration as a factor which contributed to the early establishment of bilingual schools, which can be viewed as a comparative advantage endemic to students from this region. RESUMEN: Colombia es un país con un bajo nivel de bilingüismo entre la población estudiantil. Sistemáticamente, los resultados del área de idiomas de la Prueba de Estado para la Evaluación de la Educación Media, Saber 11, indican que la gran mayoría de los estudiantes que culminan sus estudios de educación media tienen un bajo nivel de inglés. No obstante, existe un grupo de estudiantes cuyo desempeño en la prueba de idiomas es significativamente alto en comparación con el resto: los bilingües. En esta investigación se demuestra que los estudiantes bilingües costeños han alcanzado un nivel de bilingüismo superior al de sus pares en otras regiones de Colombia, lo cual sucede a pesar de que en otras áreas del conocimiento su desempeño tiende a ser inferior y que, en términos generales, la región Caribe presenta un bajo nivel de bilingüismo. Como explicación a este resultado se propone el temprano establecimiento, en el Caribe colombiano, de colegios con tradición bilingüe.Ello representa una ventaja para esta región y se relaciona con la inmigración que tuvo lugar en la misma entre finales del siglo XIX y principios del siglo XX.

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Date of creation: 03 Jan 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009225
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  1. Roberto Steiner & Jairo Núñez M. & Ximena Cadena O. & Renata Pardo P., 2002. "¿Cua?les colegios ofrecen mejor educacio?n en Colombia?," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012943, FEDESARROLLO.
  2. Andrés Sánchez Jabba., 2011. "Etnia y desempeño académico en Colombia ," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional 156, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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