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Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios

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  • Barón, Juan David

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Abstract

Resumen: Este documento usa información única sobre los graduados de pregrado de todas las instituciones de educación superior de Colombia en el año 2007, con el objetivo de analizar: i) la probabilidad de encontrar un empleo formal, y ii) los salarios de aquellos que encuentran dicho trabajo. Los resultados indican que existen diferencias sustanciales en la probabilidad de encontrar un empleo formal según el área del conocimiento y la región -que alcanzan los veinte puntos porcentuales-, más no así por tipo de universidad y género. Adicionalmente, se encuentran diferencias salariales significativas a nivel regional y por área de conocimiento, así como por tipo de universidad y género.Abstract: This paper uses unique information on the 2007 cohort of college graduates from all higher education institutions in Colombia to analyze: i) the probability of finding a job in the formal sector, and ii) the wages of those who find such a job. The findings suggest that there are sizeable differences in the probability of finding a formal job by area of knowledge and region, which can be as large as twenty percentage points. There are, however, no differences by university type and sex in the probability of inding a formal job. In addition, there exist regional and area-of-knowledge differentials in wages, as well as wage differences by gender and by type of university.

Suggested Citation

  • Barón, Juan David, 2012. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:010148
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    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/view/12810/11541
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Obando, Nataly & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2011. "Sensibilidad de los salarios al desempleo regional en Colombia: nuevas estimaciones de la curva de salarios," Chapters,in: López Enciso, Enrique & Ramírez Giraldo, María Teresa (ed.), Formación de precios y salarios en Colombia T.2, volume 2, chapter 23, pages 953-978 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Machin, Stephen & Puhani, Patrick A., 2003. "Subject of degree and the gender wage differential: evidence from the UK and Germany," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 79(3), pages 393-400, June.
    3. Alejandro Hoyos & Ximena Peña & Hugo R. Ñopo, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1802, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. Luis Eduardo Arango & Monica Alexandra Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2009. "La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política," Borradores de Economia 563, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Hugo López & Francisco Lasso, 2008. "Salario Mínimo, Salario Medio Y Empleo Asalariado Privado En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004512, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Dan A. Black & Amelia M. Haviland & Seth G. Sanders & Lowell J. Taylor, 2008. "Gender Wage Disparities among the Highly Educated," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(3), pages 630-659.
    7. Linda Datcher Loury, 1997. "The Gender Earnings Gap among College-Educated Workers," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(4), pages 580-593, July.
    8. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos F., 2006. "Evaluación Y Análisis De Eficiencia De La Educación En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002645, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andres Sanchez Jabba, 2013. "Bilinguismo en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 7(2), pages 65-89, December.
    2. Maribel Castillo Caicedo & Ricardo David Monroy del Castillo & Viviana Cardona Ceballos, 2015. "Efecto universidad en el Valle del Cauca 2009: un análisis multinivel," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, June.
    3. repec:bdr:bdrcap:2014a-07-131-157 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    salarios; recién graduados; mercado laboral; áreas de estudio;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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