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La Participación Laboral en Colombia

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

Abstract

La oferta laboral está determinada por la decisión de participar en el mercado laboral. Este documento reporta los resultados de la estimación econométrica de un modelo de la tasa de participación (siete ciudades) para cuatro categorías de miembros del hogar(hombres jefes, mujeres jefes,hombres no jefes y mujeres no jefes) y para el total de ellos con base la ENH del DANE para el período 1984: 1-2000:4. Entre los principales determinantes de efecto positivo de la tasa de participación se destacan el nivel educativo alcanzado, la edad y la tasa de desempleo; el principal determinante de efecto negativo es la riqueza de los hogares. Según el modelo, puede preverse una ligera reducción de la tasa de participación a causa de probables caídas de la tasa de desempleo.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Esteban Posada & Luis Eduardo Arango, 2002. "La Participación Laboral en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 217, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:217
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-121, May.
    6. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
    7. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762.
    8. George J. Stigler, 1961. "The Economics of Information," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 213-213.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan D. Barón, 2010. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: Probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 007625, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Jorge Enrique Coronel López, 2005. "El Desempleo en Colombia y su metodología de cálculo: ¿disimulo a un grave problema?," REVISTA SEMESTRE ECONÓMICO, UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLÍN, May.
    3. Nelson Manolo Chávez Muñoz, Omaira Dayana Velázquez Mantilla, Mauricio Alejandro Mateus Tovar, 2011. "Cambios estructurales en la participación laboral en Colombia desde 1984 - 2008: un análisis econométrico del mercado laboral urbano para la generación de políticas de empleo," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, June.
    4. Adriana Carolina Silva Arias & Patricia Gonzalez Román, 2007. "Una revisión a la composición y transición demográfica," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, December.
    5. Juan Miguel Villa, 2005. "Impacto De Los Incentivos Públicos En Educación Sobre La Participación Laboral De Los Trabajadores En Colombia," Labor and Demography 0506009, EconWPA.
    6. Mauricio Amador Pilonieta & Paula Herrera Idárraga, 2006. "Diferencias en el desempleo por género. ¿ Hay discriminación en el acceso al trabajo?," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002349, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
    7. Barón, Juan David, 2012. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oferta laboral; tasa de participación; modelos probit.;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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