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La participacioÌ n laboral en Colombia

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango
  • Carlos Esteban Posada

Abstract

La oferta laboral estaÌ determinada por la decisioÌ n de participar en el mercado laboral. Este documento reporta los resultados de la estimacioÌ n economeÌ trica de un modelo de la tasa de participacioÌ n (siete ciudades) para cuatro categoriÌ as de miembros del hogar: mujeres comprometidas (casadas o en unioÌ n permanente), mujeres no comprometidas (solteras, viudas o separadas), hombres comprometidos y hombres no comprometidos, con base la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) del DANE para el periÌ odo 1984:1- 2000:4. Las diferencias entre estos grupos son significativas. Entre los principales determinantes de efecto positivo de la tasa de participacioÌ n se destacan la tasa de desempleo de otros miembros del hogar, la edad y el nivel educativo alcanzado; el principal determinante de efecto negativo es la riqueza de los hogares. SeguÌ n el modelo, la tasa de participacioÌ n cae ante disminuciones en la tasa de desempleo.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2003. "La participacioÌ n laboral en Colombia," Coyuntura Social 012933, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000486:012933
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan D. Barón, 2010. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: Probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 007625, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Nelson Manolo Chávez Muñoz, Omaira Dayana Velázquez Mantilla, Mauricio Alejandro Mateus Tovar, 2011. "Cambios estructurales en la participación laboral en Colombia desde 1984 - 2008: un análisis econométrico del mercado laboral urbano para la generación de políticas de empleo," Revista CIFE, Universidad Santo Tomás, June.
    3. Adriana Carolina Silva Arias & Patricia Gonzalez Romã N, 2007. "Una revisión a la composición y transición demográfica," Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, December.
    4. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2019. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 22(2), pages 313-370, December.
    5. Mauricio Amador Pilonieta & Paula Herrera Idárraga, 2006. "Diferencias en el desempleo por género. ¿ Hay discriminación en el acceso al trabajo?," Documentos de Economía 002349, Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá.
    6. Barón, Juan David, 2012. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, June.
    7. Dewin Perez Fuentes & Nallydis Hernandez Miranda & Grace Angulo Pico, 2014. "Participacion femenina en el mercado laboral de Cartagena, 2008-2013," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 8(1), pages 5-29, July.
    8. Jorge Enrique Coronel López, 2005. "El Desempleo en Colombia y su metodología de cálculo: ¿disimulo a un grave problema?," Revista Semestre Económico, Universidad de Medellín, May.
    9. Juan Miguel Villa, 2005. "Impacto De Los Incentivos Públicos En Educación Sobre La Participación Laboral De Los Trabajadores En Colombia," Labor and Demography 0506009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Jorge Ivan Gonzalez & Mauricio Perez Salazar, 2019. "Mercados y Bienestar. Ensayos en memoria de homero cuevas," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía, number 79, December.
    11. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2018. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 271, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    12. Héctor Alberto Botello-Peñaloza & Isaac Guerrero-Rincón, 2019. "Las leyes de licencia de maternidad y el mercado laboral en Colombia," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 13(1), pages 67-86, June.
    13. Andrés Eduardo Rangel Jiménez, 2016. "Oferta de horas de trabajo en Colombia: una aproximación a sus determinantes, 2012," Revista Equidad y Desarrollo, Universidad de la Salle, issue 25, pages 53-93, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oferta laboral; Tasa de participación; Modelos probit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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