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La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política

Author

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Monica Alexandra Gómez

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

Abstract

Se hallan las funciones de demanda por trabajo calificado (número horas laboradas por personas que tienen doce o más años de educación) y no calificado (número de horas laboradas por personas que tienen a lo sumo once años de educación) a partir de un proceso de minimización de costos de una firma representativa del sector urbano formal no gubernamental que emplea una tecnología de producción CES de dos niveles en la que se utilizan capital y trabajo diferenciado por años de educación. El período muestral va de 1986 a 2006. Tanto los salarios de cada tipo de trabajo como la tasa de interés, el cambio técnico y el producto constituyen las variables fundamentales que explican la evolución de la demanda de trabajo calificado y no calificado en el largo plazo. En el período 2003 - 2006, la elasticidad de la demanda de trabajo calificado a su salario es -0,30 en tanto que la del trabajo no calificado es -0,33. La elasticidad de la demanda factorial al producto es 1,218.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Monica Alexandra Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2009. "La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política," Borradores de Economia 563, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:563
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan D. Barón, 2010. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: Probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 007625, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Juan Barón, 2012. "First job experiences of Colombian college graduates: probability of formal employment and wages," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 55-86.
    3. Miguel Urrutia & Mauricio Ruiz, 2010. "Ciento Setenta Años de Salarios Reales en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 28(63), pages 154-189, December.
    4. Jorge Andrés Tamayo Castaño, 2012. "Asimetrías en la demanda por trabajo en Colombia: el papel del ciclo económico," Borradores de Economia 689, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paola Montenegro & Nataly Obando, 2011. "El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?," Borradores de Economia 636, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Barón, Juan David, 2012. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, June.
    7. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Ignacio Gömez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 584, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sector formal; trabajos calificado y no calificado; capital; salario; tasa de interés; elasticidad. Classification JEL: J01; J08; J21; J23.;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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