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La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política

  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Monica Alexandra Gómez

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

Se hallan las funciones de demanda por trabajo calificado (número horas laboradas por personas que tienen doce o más años de educación) y no calificado (número de horas laboradas por personas que tienen a lo sumo once años de educación) a partir de un proceso de minimización de costos de una firma representativa del sector urbano formal no gubernamental que emplea una tecnología de producción CES de dos niveles en la que se utilizan capital y trabajo diferenciado por años de educación. El período muestral va de 1986 a 2006. Tanto los salarios de cada tipo de trabajo como la tasa de interés, el cambio técnico y el producto constituyen las variables fundamentales que explican la evolución de la demanda de trabajo calificado y no calificado en el largo plazo. En el período 2003 - 2006, la elasticidad de la demanda de trabajo calificado a su salario es -0,30 en tanto que la del trabajo no calificado es -0,33. La elasticidad de la demanda factorial al producto es 1,218.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 563.

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