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Cambio estructural y demanda de trabajo calificado en Colombia en el periodo 1950 - 2007

  • Edgar Vicente MARCILLO YÉPEZ


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    En este trabajo se analiza el impacto que tuvo el cambio estructural, entendido como el desarrollo de un sector industrial moderno, en el nivel de trabajo calificado y no calificado en Colombia en el periodo 1950 – 2007. Las estadísticas de crecimiento económico, participación del sector industrial y mercado laboral, trazan un vínculo estrecho entre transformación industrial y trabajo; la mayoría de estudios atribuyen la caída del nivel de trabajo a factores relacionados con los costos salariales, no salariales y la rigidez del mercado laboral. En este trabajo se plantea una visión alternativa, en la que se estudia el decrecimiento del trabajo de largo plazo asociado al proceso de desindustrialización y caída de la diversificación industrial a partir de 1980. Los datos no rechazan la hipótesis estructuralista y muestran que la estructura de la economía incide en la generación o demanda de trabajo en el largo plazo, particularmente en el trabajo calificado.

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    Paper provided by DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN in its series ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA with number 010098.

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    Length: 28
    Date of creation: 27 Sep 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000118:010098
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