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Apertura, estructura económica e informalidad: un modelo teórico

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos Humberto Ortiz
  • José Ignacio Uribe

    ()

Abstract

En este artículo se expone un modelo de equilibrio económico general que genera segmentación laboral entre dos sectores productivos: el industrial manufacturero y el de servicios. El modelo es consistente con la hipótesis estructuralista según la cual una insuficiente diversificación económica en un contexto de economía abierta limita la generación de empleos de buena calidad. Así, al sector informal llegan los trabajadores, calificados o no, que no son contratados por el sector moderno. El sector informal en condiciones de economía abierta y escasa diversificación productiva se caracteriza por baja productividad, bajos salarios y comportamiento anticíclico.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Humberto Ortiz & José Ignacio Uribe, 2006. "Apertura, estructura económica e informalidad: un modelo teórico," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:004442
    as

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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/44/v25n44_ortiz_2006.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Diana Marcela Jiménez, 2012. "La informalidad laboral en América Latina: ¿explicación estructuralista o institucionalista?," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
    2. Edgar Vicente MARCILLO YÉPEZ, 2012. "Cambio estructural y demanda de trabajo calificado en Colombia en el periodo 1950 - 2007," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 010098, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    empleo; industrialización; sectores formal e informal.;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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