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Technological Integration and Income Gaps

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  • Carlos Humberto Ortiz

    ()

  • Javier Andrés Castro

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Abstract

Resumen: Leontief (1963) sostiene que los países subdesarrollados son pobres porque son en gran medida, económicamente menos diversificados. Este artículo muestra que un modelo de equilibrio general con una estructura de insumo-producto estable y con una externalidad de la productividad generada por diversificación de factores, puede ser consistente con la hipótesis de Leontief. Una versión del modelo en economía abierta permite la posibilidad de violar el teorema de la igualación del precio de los factores, permitiendo así que las economías desarrolladas obtengan una alta remuneración de capital y un alto nivel de ingreso. Se presenta alguna evidencia empírica sobre la relación entre la integración tecnológica y el ingreso real.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Humberto Ortiz & Javier Andrés Castro, 2008. "Technological Integration and Income Gaps," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:004953
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    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/view/271/218
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luis A. Rivera-Batiz & Paul M. Romer, 1991. "Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 531-555.
    2. Alwyn Young, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 369-405.
    3. Sachs, J-D & Warner, A-M, 1995. "Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth," Papers 517a, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
    4. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    5. Carlos Humberto Ortiz Q., 1994. "Integración tecnológica y crecimiento económico: evidencia empírica," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 13(25), pages 73-95, Junio.
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    7. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
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    10. Rebelo, Sergio, 1991. "Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 500-521, June.
    11. Alwyn Young, 1991. "Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade," NBER Working Papers 3577, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 389-405, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ortíz Quevedo, Carlos Humberto & Salazar Juan David, 2014. "Brasil como horizonte: mayor ingreso y mayor crecimiento económico para Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 011033, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
    2. Ortíz, Carlos Humberto, 2013. "Economic growth consequences of structural stagnation: A two-sector model of productive diversification," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, issue 78, pages 73-113, May.
    3. Edgar Vicente MARCILLO YÉPEZ, 2012. "Cambio estructural y demanda de trabajo calificado en Colombia en el periodo 1950 - 2007," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 010098, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Insumo-producto; integración tecnológica; brecha del ingreso; estructuras tecnológicas asimétricas; igualdad de los precios de los factores;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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