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Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia

Author

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Luz Karine Ardila

    ()

  • Miguel Ignacio Gömez

    ()

Abstract

Se utiliza información de precios a nivel de producto-establecimiento entre 1999 y 2008, en frecuencia mensual, para estimar el efecto que tienen los aumentos en el salario mínimo en los precios de la comida fuera del hogar y algunos de sus componentes como almuerzos, hamburguesas, comidas rápidas calientes y gastos en cafetería. El enfoque sigue la línea de Aaronson, French y MacDonald (2006) y MacDonald y Aaronson (2005) quienes estudiaron el efecto de los cambios del salario mínimo en el precio de la comida fuera del hogar en Estados Unidos. La evidencia, para Colombia, sugiere que un aumento de 10% en el salario mínimo produce un aumento contemporáneo de 1,33% en el precio de la comida fuera del hogar y de 3,07% si se consideran anticipos y rezagos. Este resultado no parece sugerir la existencia de fuertes rigideces de precios en este mercado. Del hecho que los aumentos en el salario mínimo se reflejen en incrementos de precio de la comida fuera del hogar se puede conjeturar que las firmas dedicadas a la producción y venta de ésta no tienen poder de monopsonio en el mercado de trabajo. Por el contrario, aumentos en el salario mínimo producen reducciones en el empleo, lo cual es compatible con un mercado de trabajo competitivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Ignacio Gömez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 584, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:584
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Iregui B., Ana Maria & Melo B., Ligia Alba & Ramírez G., María Teresa, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, June.
    2. Francisco Javier Lasso Valderrama, 2010. "INCREMENTOS DEL SALARIO MÍNIMO LEGAL: ¿cuál es el impacto redistributivo del cambio en los precios relativos al consumidor?," Borradores de Economia 598, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Comida fuera del hogar; IPC; salario mínimo; pass-through; flexibilidad de precios. Classification JEL:D4; J2.;

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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