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La formación de precios en las empresas colombianas: evidencia a partir de una encuesta directa

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  • Martha Misas Arango

    ()

  • Enrique López Enciso

    ()

  • Juan Carlos Parra

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se reportan los resultados de una encuesta por medio de la cual se interrogó a los empresarios colombianos acerca de la forma como fijan los precios de sus principales productos. El diseño del formulario sigue de cerca las propuestas de Blinder (1991, 1994, 1998) y de la red de persistencia de la inflación de los países de la Unión Europea (Fabiani et al. 2005). El propósito de la encuesta es profundizar en el conocimiento sobre el proceso de fijación de precios que siguen las empresas. Específicamente, se explora el grado de autonomía que tienen las firmas para cambiar sus precios; si las políticas de precios siguen un criterio de reglas periódicas en el tiempo o dependen del estado de la economía; se indaga por el conjunto de información que emplean las empresas para cambiar sus precios; por la frecuencia de las revisiones de los precios y de los cambios y el uso de algún tipo de discriminación para determinar un precio. De otro lado, se estudian las razones que llevan a las firmas a no modificar sus precios, así como la velocidad de reacción ante diferentes choques económicos.

Suggested Citation

  • Martha Misas Arango & Enrique López Enciso & Juan Carlos Parra, 2009. "La formación de precios en las empresas colombianas: evidencia a partir de una encuesta directa," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005735, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:005735
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Gonzalez & Franz Hamann, 2011. "Lack of Credibility, Inflation Persistence and Disinflation in Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, May.
    2. Andrés González & Lavan Mahadeva & Juan D. Prada & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: Patacon Model Description," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(66), pages 222-245, Diciembre.
    3. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2009. "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," Borradores de Economia 582, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Juan Carlos Parra A. & Martha Misas A. & Enrique López E., 2010. "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," Borradores de Economia 628, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Ignacio Gömez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 584, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Juan Manuel Julio & Héctor Manuel Zárate & Manuel Hernández, 2010. "The Stickiness of Colombian Consumer Prices," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 28(63), pages 100-153, Diciembre.
    7. Ana Iregui & Ligia Melo & María Ramírez, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 17-53.
    8. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2010. "Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
    9. Javier Bernardo Cadena Lozano, 2011. "La teoría económica y financiera del precio: dos enfoques complementarios," REVISTA CRITERIO LIBRE, UNIVERSIDAD LIBRE - SEDE PRINCIPAL, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fijación de precios; rigideces de precios; muestreo aleatorio estratificado; asimetrías en la fijación de precios.;

    JEL classification:

    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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