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Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms

  • Iregui B., Ana Maria


  • Melo B., Ligia Alba


  • Ramírez G., María Teresa


Resumen: Este artículo utiliza una encuesta a 1.305 firmas para evaluar las prácticas de ajustes salariales de las empresas en el mercado laboral colombiano. Específicamente, se analiza la frecuencia de los incrementos salariales y el vínculo entre los cambios de precios y salarios. Los resultados muestran que los salarios se ajustan anualmente, que los aumentos se concentran alrededor de la inflación observada y que ninguna empresa recortó los salarios. Además, los principales determinantes de dichos ajustes son factores asociados con el desempeño tanto de empresas como de trabajadores. La relación entre los cambios en salarios y precios es más fuerte en sectores donde los costos laborales representan una mayor proporción de los costos totales y en sectores con alta productividad laboral.Abstract: This paper explores firms´ wage adjustment practices in the Colombian formal labor market; specifically, the timing and frequency of wage increases, as well as the link between wage and price changes. We use a survey of 1,305 firms belonging to all economic sectors. The results show that most firms adjust base wages annually, increases were concentrated around observed inflation and none of the firms cut wages. Moreover, factors associated with the performance of firms and workers alike are the main determinants of wage adjustments. The link between wages and price changes is stronger in sectors where labor costs represent a higher share of total costs and in firms operating in sectors with higher labor productivity.

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Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): (June)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000174:010147
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  5. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., 2010. "Downward Wage Rigidities and Other Firms´ Responses to an Economic Slowdown: Evidence from a Survey of Colombian Firms," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007195, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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  7. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2009. "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006286, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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  15. Juan Carlos Parra A. & Martha Misas A. & Enrique López E., . "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," Borradores de Economia 628, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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  19. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Are wages rigid in Colombia?: Empirical evidence based on a sample of wages at the firm level," Borradores de Economia 571i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  20. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Ignacio Gömez, . "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 584, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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