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Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia

  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Luz Karine Ardila

    ()

  • Miguel Igancio Gómez

    ()

Se utiliza información de precios a nivel de producto-establecimiento entre 1999 y 2008, en frecuencia mensual, para estimar el efecto que tienen los aumentos en el salario mínimo en los precios de la comida fuera del hogar y algunos de sus componentes como almuerzos, hamburguesas, comidas rápidas calientes y gastos en cafetería. El enfoque sigue la línea de Aaronson, French y MacDonald (2006) y MacDonald y Aaronson (2005) quienes estudiaron el efecto de los cambios del salario mínimo en el precio de la comida fuera del hogar en Estados Unidos. La evidencia, para Colombia, sugiere que un aumento de 10% en el salario mínimo produce un aumento contemporáneo de 1,33% en el precio de la comida fuera del hogar y de 3,07% si se consideran anticipos y rezagos. Este resultado no parece sugerir la existencia de fuertes rigideces de precios en este mercado. Del hecho que los aumentos en el salario mínimo se reflejen en incrementos de precio de la comida fuera del hogar se puede conjeturar que las firmas dedicadas a la producción y venta de ésta no tienen poder de monopsonio en el mercado de trabajo. Por el contrario, aumentos en el salario mínimo producen reducciones en el empleo, lo cual es compatible con un mercado de trabajo competitivo.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 006621.

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Length: 37
Date of creation: 17 Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:006621
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  4. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paula Herrera & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2007. "El salario mínimo: aspectos generales sobre los casos de Colombia y otros paises," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002544, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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  11. Alan S. Blinder, 1994. "On Sticky Prices: Academic Theories Meet the Real World," NBER Chapters, in: Monetary Policy, pages 117-154 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Lee, Chinkook & Schluter, Gerald E. & O'Roark, Brian, 2000. "How Much Would Increasing the Minimum Wage Affect Food Prices?," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33598, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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  14. Sara Lemos, 2005. "Minimum Wage Effects on Wages, Employment and Prices: Implications for Poverty Alleviation in Brazil," Discussion Papers in Economics 05/15, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
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  17. James M. MacDonald & Daniel Aaronson, 2006. "How Firms Construct Price Changes: Evidence from Restaurant Responses to Increased Minimum Wages," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 88(2), pages 292-307.
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  23. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
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