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Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms

This paper explores firms’ wage adjustment practices in the Colombian formal labor market; specifically, the timing and frequency of wage increases, as well as the link between wage and price changes. We use a survey of 1,305 firms belonging to all economic sectors. The results show that most firms adjust base wages annually, increases were concentrated around observed inflation and none of the firms cut wages. Moreover, factors associated with the performance of firms and workers alike are the main determinants of wage adjustments. The link between wages and price changes is stronger in sectors where labor costs represent a higher share of total costs and in firms operating in sectors with higher labor productivity.

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Article provided by Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía in its journal LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): 76 ()
Pages: 17-53

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Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2012:i:76:p:17-53
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  1. Gali Jordi, 1994. "Monopolistic Competition, Business Cycles, and the Composition of Aggregate Demand," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 73-96, June.
  2. Lawless, Martina & Babecký, Jan & Du Caju, Philip & Kosma, Theodora & Messina, Julián & Rõõm, Tairi, 2009. "Downward Nominal and Real Wage Rigidity:Survey Evidence from European Firms," Research Technical Papers 11/RT/09, Central Bank of Ireland.
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  7. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Igancio Gómez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006621, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Jan Babecky & Kamil Dybczak & Kamil Galuscak, 2008. "Survey on Wage and Price Formation of Czech Firms," Working Papers 2008/12, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  9. Rotemberg, Julio J. & Woodford, Michael, 1999. "The cyclical behavior of prices and costs," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 16, pages 1051-1135 Elsevier.
  10. Bertola, Giuseppe & Dabušinskas, Aurelijus & Hoeberichts, Marco & Izquierdo, Mario & Kwapil, Claudia, 2010. "Price, wage and employment response to shocks: evidence from the WDN survey," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2010,02, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  11. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Are wages rigid in Colombia?: Empirical evidence based on a sample of wages at the firm level," Borradores de Economia 571i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  12. Martine Druant & Silvia Fabiani & Gabor Kezdig & Ana Lamo & Fernando Martins & Roberto Sabbatini, 2009. "How are firms' wages and prices linked: survey evidence in Europe," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 725, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  13. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, . "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," Borradores de Economia 582, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  14. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Downward Wage Rigidities and Other Firms’ Responses to an Economic Slowdown: Evidence from a Survey of Colombian Firms," Borradores de Economia 612, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  15. Agell, Jonas & Lundborg, Per, 1993. "Theories of Pay and Unemployment: Survey Evidence from Swedish Manufacturing Firms," Working Paper Series 380, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  16. John B. Taylor, 1998. "Staggered Price and Wage Setting in Macroeconomics," NBER Working Papers 6754, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2010. "Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
  18. Martha Misas A. & Juan Carlos Parra A. & Enrique López E., 2011. "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA 008301, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
  19. Ernestas Virbickas, 2010. "Wage and Price Setting Behaviour of Lithuanian Firms," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 7, Bank of Lithuania.
  20. Martha Misas Arango & Enrique López Enciso & Juan Carlos Parra, 2009. "La formación de precios en las empresas colombianas: evidencia a partir de una encuesta directa," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005735, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  21. Alan S. Blinder, 1991. "Why are Prices Sticky? Preliminary Results from an Interview Study," NBER Working Papers 3646, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  22. Mihai Copaciu & Florian Neagu & Horia Braun-Erdei, 2010. "Survey evidence on price-setting patterns of Romanian firms," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(2-3), pages 235-247.
  23. Robalo Marques, Carlos & Martins, Fernando & Portugal, Pedro, 2010. "Price and wage formation in Portugal," Working Paper Series 1225, European Central Bank.
  24. Carl M. Campbell III & Kunal S. Kamlani, 1997. "The Reasons for Wage Rigidity: Evidence from a Survey of Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(3), pages 759-789.
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