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Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma

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  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio explora los mecanismos de fijación e incremento de los salarios, analiza la naturaleza y las fuentes de sus rigideces y evalúa el vínculo entre los cambios en los salarios y la variación de los precios de los bienes y/o servicios de las empresas, a partir de una encuesta a 1,305 firmas colombianas. Los resultados indican que los incrementos salariales son tiempo-dependientes y que la situación financiera de la empresa, su productividad y el desempeño de los trabajadores son los factores más importantes en el momento de definir los ajustes salariales. Adicionalmente, los resultados de la encuesta apoyan la presencia de rigideces nominales y reales de los salarios a la baja en Colombia y se encuentra que las razones más importante para no reducir la remuneración básica de los trabajadores, en época de difícil situación económica, están asociadas con la teoría de salarios de eficiencia, en su versión de selección adversa, y con la hipótesis del salario justo-esfuerzo.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2009. "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," Borradores de Economia 582, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:582
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2014. "Wage‐setting Decisions on Newly Hired Employees: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(3), pages 231-246, April.
    2. Nancy Aireth DAZA BAEZ & Luis Fernando GAMBOA, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011196, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    3. Ana María Iregui B. & ligia Alba Melo Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo, 2013. "RDownward Wage Rigidities and Other Firms Responses to an Economic Slowdown: Evidence from a Survey of Colombian Firms," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research,in: Laura Inés D'Amato & Enrique López Enciso & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo (ed.), Inflationary Dynamics, Persistence, and Prices and Wages Formation, edition 1, chapter 15, pages 403-449 Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    4. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez, 2010. "Wage differentials across economic sectors in the Colombian formal labour market: evidence from a survey of firms," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007736, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Martha Elena Delgado-Rojas & Hernán Rincón-Castro, 2017. "Incertidumbre acerca de la política fiscal y ciclo económico," Borradores de Economia 1008, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Ana Iregui & Ligia Melo & María Ramírez, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 17-53.
    7. Mauricio Olivera & Diego Escobar Uribe & Norberto Rojas Delgadillo & Julián Moreno Bonilla & Claudia Quintero & Anamaría Tibocha, 2011. "Caracterización del empleo en el sector palmicultor colombiano," CUADERNOS DE FEDESARROLLO 009268, FEDESARROLLO.
    8. Ana María iregui & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., 2010. "Wage-setting Decisions on Newly Hired Employees:," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007808, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    9. Laura Inés D'Amato & Enrique López Enciso & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo (ed.), 2013. "Dinámica inflacionaria, persistencia y formación de precios y salarios," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA, edition 1, volume 1, number 2.
    10. López, Jesús. & Acevedo-Villalobos, María Cecilia., 2013. "El acceso a los mercados y la disparidad del ingreso en los departamentos colombianos," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(320), pages 869-901, octubre-d.
    11. Nancy Daza & Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2013. "Informal-formal wage gaps in Colombia," Working Papers 301, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fijación de salarios; incrementos salariales; rigidez de salarios; encuesta a nivel de firma. Classification JEL:C83; E24; J30; J31;

    JEL classification:

    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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