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Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma

  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Este estudio explora los mecanismos de fijación e incremento de los salarios, analiza la naturaleza y las fuentes de sus rigideces y evalúa el vínculo entre los cambios en los salarios y la variación de los precios de los bienes y/o servicios de las empresas, a partir de una encuesta a 1,305 firmas colombianas. Los resultados indican que los incrementos salariales son tiempo-dependientes y que la situación financiera de la empresa, su productividad y el desempeño de los trabajadores son los factores más importantes en el momento de definir los ajustes salariales. Adicionalmente, los resultados de la encuesta apoyan la presencia de rigideces nominales y reales de los salarios a la baja en Colombia y se encuentra que las razones más importante para no reducir la remuneración básica de los trabajadores, en época de difícil situación económica, están asociadas con la teoría de salarios de eficiencia, en su versión de selección adversa, y con la hipótesis del salario justo-esfuerzo.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 582.

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