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El acceso a los mercados y la disparidad del ingreso en los departamentos colombianos

Author

Listed:
  • López, Jesús.

    (Universidad A Coruña.)

  • Acevedo-Villalobos, María Cecilia.

    (John F. Kennedy School of Goverment, Cambridge.)

Abstract

This paper sheds new light on the observed income polarization process between Bogota and the rest of the departments in Colombia by pointing out the crucial role played by market access in avoiding departmental income disparities to be narrowed and, in so acting, as a penalty for the convergence process in income levels. Results from our econometric estimations with data for Colombian departments in the period 1975-2000 show that market access emerges as a key variable in explaining the spatial distribution of income in Colombia.// El presente artículo arroja nueva luz sobre el proceso de polarización del ingreso observado entre Bogotá y el resto de los departamentos de Colombia al señalar el papel decisivo que desempeña el acceso a los mercados al evitar que se reduzcan las disparidades del ingreso entre departamentos y, por consiguiente, como obstáculo al proceso de convergencia en los ingresos. Los resultados de nuestras estimaciones econométricas con datos de los departamentos colombianos durante el periodo 1975-2000 muestran que el acceso a los mercados surge como una variable clave en la explicación de la distribución espacial del ingreso en Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • López, Jesús. & Acevedo-Villalobos, María Cecilia., 2013. "El acceso a los mercados y la disparidad del ingreso en los departamentos colombianos," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(320), pages 869-901, octubre-d.
  • Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:80:y:2013:i:320:p:869-901
    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20430/ete.v80i320.106
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    File URL: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com.mx/index.php/te/article/view/106/106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    disparidades regionales; estructura espacial de los salarios; acceso a los mercados.;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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