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Economic integration and location of manufacturing activities: Evidence from MERCOSUR

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  • Sanguinetti, Pablo
  • Traistaru, Iulia
  • Volpe Martincus, Christian

Abstract

Economic integration leads to a reallocation of resources across sectors and space. Location patterns resulting from North-North and North-South regional trade initiatives have been documented in several studies. However, empirical evidence on South-South agreements is rather limited. In this respect, MERCOSUR provides an interesting case study. This paper aims at answering the following questions: What are the main driving factors explaining location patterns in the Southern Cone? To what extent has the establishment of MERCOSUR affected location of economic activities? Using data for the period 1985-1998, we identify the determinants of manufacturing location patterns and assess their changes in the context of increased economic integration. We find that preferential trade liberalization has fostered the influence of factors underlined by the recent trade theories, such as economies of scale and inputoutput linkages, relative to comparative advantage considerations.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanguinetti, Pablo & Traistaru, Iulia & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2004. "Economic integration and location of manufacturing activities: Evidence from MERCOSUR," ZEI Working Papers B 11-2004, University of Bonn, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeiwps:b112004
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    Cited by:

    1. Sanguinetti, Pablo & Traistaru, Iulia & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2004. "Economic integration and location of manufacturing activities: Evidence from MERCOSUR," ZEI Working Papers B 11-2004, University of Bonn, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies.
    2. Juan Labraga, 2009. "Política Comercial y Política de Infraestructura en el MERCOSUR," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9328, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Volpe Martincus, Christian & Siedschlag, Iulia, 2010. "The Impact of South-South Preferential Trade Agreements on Industrial Development: An Empirical Test," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 25, pages 69-104.
    4. Gerardo Caetano & Marcel Vaillant, 2004. "¿Qué MERCOSUR y qué Uruguay se necesitan? Apuntes para entender requerimientos recíprocos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1504, Department of Economics - dECON.
    5. Volpe Martincus, Christian & Siedschlag, Iulia, 2010. "The Impact of South-South Preferential Trade Agreements on Industrial Development: An Empirical Test," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 25, pages 69-104.
    6. Bagoulla, Corinne & Péridy, Nicolas, 2011. "Market access and the other determinants of North–South manufacturing location choice: An application to the Euro-Mediterranean area," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 537-561.
    7. Maria Florencia Granato, 2011. "REGIONAL NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p747, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Fernando Borraz & Máximo Rossi & Daniel Ferres, 2012. "Distributive Effects of Regional Trade Agreements on the ‘Small Trading Partners’: Mercosur and the Case of Uruguay and Paraguay," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(12), pages 1828-1843, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Integration; Location of Industrial Activities; MERCOSUR;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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