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Regional specialization and concentration of industrial activity in accession countries

Author

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  • Traistaru, Iulia
  • Nijkamp, Peter
  • Longhi, Simonetta

Abstract

Since 1990, Central and East European economies have experienced increasing integration with the European Union via trade and direct foreign investments. The spatial implications of this process have not been investigated in-depth so far. Have patterns of regional specialization changed over the period 1990-1999? Has a relocation of manufacturing activity taken place? What are the determinants of regional specialization and industrial concentration patterns? This paper identifies and explains the effects of economic integration on patterns of regional specialization and the geographic concentration of manufacturing in Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia. Using a specially created data base, we find evidence of regional relocation of industries, leading to higher average regional specialization in Bulgaria and Romania and lower average regional specialization in Estonia. In Hungary and Slovenia the average regional specialization has not changed significantly. Our results indicate that both factor endowments and geographic proximity to European core determine the location of manufacturing in accession countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Traistaru, Iulia & Nijkamp, Peter & Longhi, Simonetta, 2002. "Regional specialization and concentration of industrial activity in accession countries," ZEI Working Papers B 16-2002, University of Bonn, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeiwps:b162002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Krieger-Boden, Christiane & Soltwedel, Rüdiger, 2010. "European economic integration in econometric modelling: Concepts, measures and illustration," Kiel Working Papers 1661, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Peter Huber, 2007. "Regional Labour Market Developments in Transition: A Survey of the Empirical Literature," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 4(2), pages 263-298, September.
    3. Sanguinetti, Pablo & Volpe Martincus, Christian, 2009. "Tariffs and manufacturing location in Argentina," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 155-167, March.
    4. Leonid Limonov, 2013. "St. Petersburg Metropolitan Region: Problems of Planning Coordination and Spatial Development," ERSA conference papers ersa13p70, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Michael H. Stierle & Ulrike von Schütz, 2003. "Regional specialisation and sectoral concentration: an empirical analysis for the enlarged EU," ERSA conference papers ersa03p317, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Dan Zheng, 2011. "The Dynamics of Economic Policy and Regional Specialization: Evidence from China's High-tech Industry," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1086, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Anna Iara & Iulia Traistaru, 2004. "Integration, Regional Specialization and Growth Differentials in EU Acceding Countries: Evidence from Hungary," ERSA conference papers ersa04p298, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Leonid Limonov, 2014. "Suburban Development of St Petersburg: comparison of 2 subjects of Federation long-term visions," ERSA conference papers ersa14p216, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional specialization; Location of industrial activity; Accession countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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