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La descentralización y las disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia en la década de 1990

  • Juan David Barón Rivera

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

La década de 1990 fue de profundos cambios para la economía colombiana y las instituciones que la rigen, muchos de ellos son fruto de la Constitución de 1991, como ocurre con la descentralización fiscal. En este trabajo estudiamos el proceso de descentralización colombiano durante la década de 1990 desde una óptica regional, y haciendo especial énfasis en las disparidades tanto económicas como en las transferencias de recursos a las regiones. Además, se presenta la evidencia que muestra que durante la primera década de la descentralización introducida por la Constitución de 1991 aumentaron las disparidades económicas territoriales en Colombia. También se ilustra cómo las transferencias fiscales no contribuyeron a reducir esa inequidad. Para finalizar, se hace una propuesta inicial de un Fondo de Compensación para combatir las profundas inequidades regionales en Colombia.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/sites/default/files/publicaciones/archivos/DTSER36-Descentralizacion_disparidad.pdf
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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002975.

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Length: 82
Date of creation: 31 Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002975
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  1. Shah, Anwar, 1998. "Fiscal federalism and macroeconomic governance : for better or for worse?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2005, The World Bank.
  2. Roberto Junguito & Ligia Melo & Martha Misas, . "La Descentralización Fiscal y la Política Macroeconómica," Borradores de Economia 031, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Luis Ignacio Lozano E., 2001. "COLOMBIA'S PUBLIC FINANCE IN THE 1990s: A DECADE OF REFORMS, FISCAL IMBALANCE, AND DEBT," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002140, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Fabio SÁNCHEZ TORRES, 2001. "Evaluación de la descentralización municipal. Descentralización y macroeconomía," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002632, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  5. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, . "Análisis de la Descentralización Fiscal en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 175, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  6. Juan Jose Echavarria & Carolina Renteria & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Decentralization and Bailouts in Colombia," Research Department Publications 3138, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  7. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "La convergencia Regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002955, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  8. Gil, Carlos & Ezcurra, Roberto & Pascual, Padro & Rapun, Manuel, 2002. "Decentralization and regional economic disparities," ERSA conference papers ersa02p306, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Raul Livas Elizondo & Paul Krugman, 1992. "Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis," NBER Working Papers 4238, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzalo Zapata Giraldo, 2002. "Intergovernmental transfers and municipal finance in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002915, FEDESARROLLO.
  11. Anwar Shah, 1996. "A Fiscal Need Approach to Equalization," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(2), pages 99-115, June.
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