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Descentralización Y Disparidades Económicas Territoriales En Colombia (1990-2005)

Author

Listed:
  • Joaquín Mauricio Zuleta Arango
  • Lisandro López Marín
  • Daniel Sánchez García

Abstract

La década de los noventa fue de profundos cambios para la economía colombiana y las instituciones que la rigen y componen el Estado, muchos de ellos fruto de la Constitución de 1991, como ocurre con la descentralización fiscal. En este trabajo estudiamos el proceso de descentralización colombiano durante la década de 1990 desde una óptica regional, haciendo especial énfasis en las disparidades económicas departamentales. Además, se presenta la evidencia que muestra que durante la primera década de la descentralización introducida por la Constitución de 1991 aumentaron las disparidades económicas territoriales en Colombia. Para finalizar, se destaca la importancia de un proceso de equidad horizontal como punto de partida para la determinación de posibles alternativas de política regional que potencie las capacidades endógenas de cada territorio y fomente la competitividad territorial.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquín Mauricio Zuleta Arango & Lisandro López Marín & Daniel Sánchez García, 2010. "Descentralización Y Disparidades Económicas Territoriales En Colombia (1990-2005)," Observatorio de la Economía Latinoamericana, Grupo Eumed.net (Universidad de Málaga), issue 130, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:erv:observ:y:2010:i:130:6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Juan Gonzalo ZAPATA & Olga Lucía ACOSTA & Adriana GONZÁLEZ, 2001. "Evaluación de la descentralización municipal en Colombia. ¿Se consolidó la sostenibilidad fiscal de los municipios colombianos durante los a," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002631, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    2. Ignacio Lozano, 2001. "Colombia's Public Finance in the 1990s: A Decade of Reforms, Fiscal Imbalance and Debt," Borradores de Economia 174, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Jaime Bonet & Adolfo Meisel, 1999. "La convergencia regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo 1926-1995," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, March.
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    5. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and regional income disparities: evidence from the Colombian experience," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 40(3), pages 661-676, August.
    6. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis de la Descentralización Fiscal en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 175, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Juan José Echavarría Soto & Carolina Rentería & Roberto Steiner, 2000. "Decentralization and Bailouts in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002252, FEDESARROLLO.
    8. Anwar Shah, 1996. "A Fiscal Need Approach to Equalization," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(2), pages 99-115, June.
    9. Anwar Shah, 2014. "Fiscal federalism and macroeconomic governance : for better or for worse?," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 200-240, May.
    10. Gil, Carlos & Ezcurra, Roberto & Pascual, Padro & Rapun, Manuel, 2002. "Decentralization and regional economic disparities," ERSA conference papers ersa02p306, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzalo Zapata Giraldo, 2002. "Intergovernmental transfers and municipal finance in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002915, FEDESARROLLO.
    12. Roberto Junguito & Ligia Melo & Martha Misas, 1995. "La Descentralización Fiscal y la Política Macroeconómica," Borradores de Economia 031, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. Juan Camilo Chaparro & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzola Zapata, 2004. "Intergovernmental Transfers and Municipal Finance in Colombia," International Tax Program Papers 0403, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
    14. Fabio SÁNCHEZ TORRES, 2001. "Evaluación de la descentralización municipal. Descentralización y macroeconomía," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002632, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
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