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Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta

  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Este estudio explora los mecanismos de fijación e incremento de lossalarios, analiza la naturaleza y las fuentes de sus rigideces y examina los cambios en los salarios y la variación de los precios de los bienes y/o servicios de las empresas, a partir de una encuesta a 1.305 firmas colombianas. Los resultados indican que los incrementos salariales presentan un alto grado de dependencia temporal ya que se realizan anualmente y se concentran en enero. La situación financiera de la empresa, su productividad, el desempeño de los trabajadores y la inflación causada son los factores más importantes en el momento de definir los ajustes salariales. Adicionalmente, los resultados de la encuesta apoyan la presencia de rigideces a la baja de los salarios y se encuentra que las razones más importantes para no reducirlos están asociadas principalmente con la teor´ıa de salarios de eficiencia.ABSTRACT: This paper uses a survey of 1.305 Colombian firms to explore wagesetting mechanisms, the nature and sources of wage rigidities, and the linkbetween wages and prices. Existing literature has focused on European andNorth American countries, and this is perhaps the first study that uses a wagesurvey for a Latin American country. Our findings indicate that more than95% of firms increase wages once a year, mainly in January, suggesting thatwage increases are time dependent. In addition, the most important factorswhen deciding wage increases are the firm´s financial situation, the level ofproductivity and the performance of the labor force. The results support theview that nominal wages are downward rigid. Interestingly, it appears that themost important factor for not reducing base wages during a crisis, is to avoidthe loss of the more experienced and productive workers, which is related tothe efficiency wage theory.

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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008875
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