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Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta

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  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio explora los mecanismos de fijación e incremento de lossalarios, analiza la naturaleza y las fuentes de sus rigideces y examina los cambios en los salarios y la variación de los precios de los bienes y/o servicios de las empresas, a partir de una encuesta a 1.305 firmas colombianas. Los resultados indican que los incrementos salariales presentan un alto grado de dependencia temporal ya que se realizan anualmente y se concentran en enero. La situación financiera de la empresa, su productividad, el desempeño de los trabajadores y la inflación causada son los factores más importantes en el momento de definir los ajustes salariales. Adicionalmente, los resultados de la encuesta apoyan la presencia de rigideces a la baja de los salarios y se encuentra que las razones más importantes para no reducirlos están asociadas principalmente con la teor´ıa de salarios de eficiencia.ABSTRACT: This paper uses a survey of 1.305 Colombian firms to explore wagesetting mechanisms, the nature and sources of wage rigidities, and the linkbetween wages and prices. Existing literature has focused on European andNorth American countries, and this is perhaps the first study that uses a wagesurvey for a Latin American country. Our findings indicate that more than95% of firms increase wages once a year, mainly in January, suggesting thatwage increases are time dependent. In addition, the most important factorswhen deciding wage increases are the firm´s financial situation, the level ofproductivity and the performance of the labor force. The results support theview that nominal wages are downward rigid. Interestingly, it appears that themost important factor for not reducing base wages during a crisis, is to avoidthe loss of the more experienced and productive workers, which is related tothe efficiency wage theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2010. "Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008875
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/2196/1924
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    Cited by:

    1. Jhon Alexander Méndez Sayago & Hugo Alfonso Hernández Escolar, 2014. "Relación de largo plazo y análisis de causalidad y sensibilidad entre los salarios reales y la productividad laboral en el sector manufacturero a partir de cifras de los departamentos en Colombia," REVISTA FINANZAS Y POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA, vol. 6(2), pages 341-366, September.
    2. José Aixalá & Carmen Pelet, 2014. "Salarios reales, desempleo y productividad en España," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, August.
    3. Jhon Alexander Méndez Sayago, 2014. "Plusvalía, salario real y eficiencia del trabajo en el sector manufacturero en Colombia," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, June.
    4. Ana Iregui & Ligia Melo & María Ramírez, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 17-53.
    5. Laura Inés D'Amato & Enrique López Enciso & María Teresa Ramírez Giraldo (ed.), 2013. "Dinámica inflacionaria, persistencia y formación de precios y salarios," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA, edition 1, volume 1, number 2, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fijación de salarios; incrementos salariales; rigidez de salarios; encuesta a nivel de firma; salarios de eficiencia; mercado laboral; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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