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Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia

Listed author(s):
  • Mauricio Cárdenas


  • Carolina Mejía


Este estudio documenta el incremento reciente de la informalidad en la economía colombiana y analiza sus principales implicaciones sobre la eficiencia. El análisis se centra en las características de la informalidad utilizando datos de la Encuesta de Microestablecimientos del DANE para los años 2002-2003. Los resultados indican que la probabilidad de informalidad disminuye con el tamaño de la firma, la antigüedad (años en funcionamiento) y el sector en el que se ubique (por ejemplo, es mayor para los servicios en comparación con el comercio). Las estimaciones muestran que los microestablecimientos informales tienen menores ingresos y activos fijos, aunque sus utilidades no son considerablemente diferentes a las de los establecimientos formales. Abstract: This paper examines the recent increase in the size and importance of Colombia´s informal sector in the economy and studies its effect on efficiency. Using microdata from the Encuesta de Microestablecimientos, implemented by DANE for the years 2002-2003, we characterize the informal micro-firms. Estimations show that larger and older firms are less likely to be informal. Firms in the services sector (when compared to the retail sector) also have a lower probability of informality. As for the consequences of informality, results reveal that informal firms have lower income and less fixed assets, even though there is no difference in profit.

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Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 002858.

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Length: 45
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2007
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:002858
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