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Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia

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  • Mauricio Cárdenas

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  • Carolina Mejía

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio documenta el incremento reciente de la informalidad en la economía colombiana y analiza sus principales implicaciones sobre la eficiencia. El análisis se centra en las características de la informalidad utilizando datos de la Encuesta de Microestablecimientos del DANE para los años 2002-2003. Los resultados indican que la probabilidad de informalidad disminuye con el tamaño de la firma, la antigüedad (años en funcionamiento) y el sector en el que se ubique (por ejemplo, es mayor para los servicios en comparación con el comercio). Las estimaciones muestran que los microestablecimientos informales tienen menores ingresos y activos fijos, aunque sus utilidades no son considerablemente diferentes a las de los establecimientos formales. Abstract: This paper examines the recent increase in the size and importance of Colombia´s informal sector in the economy and studies its effect on efficiency. Using microdata from the Encuesta de Microestablecimientos, implemented by DANE for the years 2002-2003, we characterize the informal micro-firms. Estimations show that larger and older firms are less likely to be informal. Firms in the services sector (when compared to the retail sector) also have a lower probability of informality. As for the consequences of informality, results reveal that informal firms have lower income and less fixed assets, even though there is no difference in profit.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía, 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002858, FEDESARROLLO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:002858
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/805
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52.
    2. Darwin Cortés & Luis F. Gamboa & Jorge I. González, 1999. "ICV: hacia una medida de estándar de vida," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 013028, FEDESARROLLO.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cárdenas Mauricio & Sandra Rozo, 2009. "Informalidad empresarial en Colombia: problemas y soluciones," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
    2. Estrada, Dairo Ayiber & Gutiérrez R., Javier, 2009. "Supervisión y regulación del sistema financiero: modelos, implicaciones y alcances," PERFIL DE COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, August.
    3. Stephanou, Constantinos & Rodriguez, Camila, 2008. "Bank financing to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4481, The World Bank.
    4. World Bank, 2007. "Colombia : Bank Financing to Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Colombia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7654, The World Bank.
    5. Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2008. "La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes," Borradores de Economia 491, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informalidad; informalidad empresarial; informalidad laboral; Colombia; Economía Informal; Microempresas; Economía Colombiana;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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