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La informalidad empresarial y sus consecuencias: ¿Son los CAE una solución?

Listed author(s):
  • Mauricio Cárdenas


  • Sandra Rozo V.


Este documento estudia las consecuencias de la informalidad tanto sobre las empresas informales como sobre las formales y analiza el impacto de los Centros de Atención Empresarial (CAE) sobre la creación de empresas en las seis ciudades principales de Colombia. El análisis se desarrolla con base en datos de la Encuesta 123 realizada en el año 2001, el Censo Empresarial de Cali y Yumbo de 2005, la Encuesta de Clima de Inversión realizada en el 2007 por el Banco Mundial, y las series de matrículas mercantiles. Los resultados permiten ver que las empresas informales tienen en promedio menor acceso al crédito y a programas de capacitación, mayores problemas con el servicio técnico y menores utilidades por trabajador que las empresas formales con características similares. Asimismo, se encuentra que la introducción de los CAE incrementó el registro de empresas formales en 5,2%. Abstract: This document studies the consequences of informality over informal and formal firms as well as the impact of the new program for firms´ registration -CAEs- created recently in the six principal cities of Colombia. The analysis uses data from the 2001 Encuesta 123, the 2005 Enterprise Census of Cali and Yumbo, the 2007 Investment Climate Survey and firms´ registration data from the Chambers of Commerce (matrículas mercantiles"). Estimations show that informal firms face on average loweraccess to credit and training programs, higher problems with technical service and lower profits per worker than formal firms. In addition, formal registration of new firms increased by 5.2 percent after the introduction of CAE."

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Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 009191.

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Length: 45
Date of creation: 22 Nov 2007
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009191
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  1. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía M., 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, December.
  2. Miriam Bruhn, 2011. "License to Sell: The Effect of Business Registration Reform on Entrepreneurial Activity in Mexico," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(1), pages 382-386, February.
  3. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, January.
  4. Guillermo E. Perry & William F. Maloney & Omar S. Arias & Pablo Fajnzylber & Andrew D. Mason & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, 2007. "Informality : Exit and Exclusion," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6730.
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