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La informalidad empresarial y sus consecuencias: ¿Son los CAE una solución?

Author

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  • Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María

    ()

  • Sandra Rozo V.

    ()

Abstract

Este documento estudia las consecuencias de la informalidad tanto sobre las empresas informales como sobre las formales y analiza el impacto de los Centros de Atención Empresarial (CAE) sobre la creación de empresas en las seis ciudades principales de Colombia. El análisis se desarrolla con base en datos de la Encuesta 123 realizada en el año 2001, el Censo Empresarial de Cali y Yumbo de 2005, la Encuesta de Clima de Inversión realizada en el 2007 por el Banco Mundial, y las series de matrículas mercantiles. Los resultados permiten ver que las empresas informales tienen en promedio menor acceso al crédito y a programas de capacitación, mayores problemas con el servicio técnico y menores utilidades por trabajador que las empresas formales con características similares. Asimismo, se encuentra que la introducción de los CAE incrementó el registro de empresas formales en 5,2%. Abstract: This document studies the consequences of informality over informal and formal firms as well as the impact of the new program for firms´ registration -CAEs- created recently in the six principal cities of Colombia. The analysis uses data from the 2001 Encuesta 123, the 2005 Enterprise Census of Cali and Yumbo, the 2007 Investment Climate Survey and firms´ registration data from the Chambers of Commerce (matrículas mercantiles"). Estimations show that informal firms face on average loweraccess to credit and training programs, higher problems with technical service and lower profits per worker than formal firms. In addition, formal registration of new firms increased by 5.2 percent after the introduction of CAE."

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María & Sandra Rozo V., 2007. "La informalidad empresarial y sus consecuencias: ¿Son los CAE una solución?," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009191, FEDESARROLLO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009191
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/802
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía M., 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, December.
    2. Miriam Bruhn, 2011. "License to Sell: The Effect of Business Registration Reform on Entrepreneurial Activity in Mexico," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(1), pages 382-386, February.
    3. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, January.
    4. Guillermo E. Perry & William F. Maloney & Omar S. Arias & Pablo Fajnzylber & Andrew D. Mason & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, 2007. "Informality : Exit and Exclusion," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6730, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2014. "More Jobs, Better Jobs : A Priority for Egypt," World Bank Other Operational Studies 20584, The World Bank.
    2. María Angélica Arbeláez & Carolina Camacho & Johanna Fajardo, 2010. "Social housing finance in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 009057, FEDESARROLLO.
    3. Ana Maria Oviedo & Mark R. Thomas & Kamer Karakurum-Ozdemir, 2009. "Economic Informality : Causes, Costs, and Policies - A Literature Survey," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 5917, March.
    4. Belal Fallah, 2014. "The Pros and Cons of Formalizing Informal MSES in the Palestinian Economy," Working Papers 893, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2014.
    5. Mauricio Santa María S. & Carlos Felipe Prada L. & Ana Virginia Mujica P., 2009. "Oportunidades, desafíos y barreras de la movilidad laboral en Colombia: reflexiones para la población en pobreza extrema y moderada," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009187, FEDESARROLLO.
    6. World Bank, 2010. "Scaling-Up SME Access to Financial Services," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12515, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informalidad; informalidad empresarial; Colombia.Informality; firms´ informality; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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