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Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia


  • Mauricio Cárdenas


  • Carolina Mejía M.



“Este estudio documenta el incremento reciente de la informalidad en la economía colombiana y analiza sus principales implicaciones sobre la eficiencia. El análisis se centra en las características de la informalidad utilizando datos de la Encuesta de Microestablecimientos del DANE para los años 2002-2003. Los resultados indican que la probabilidad de informalidad disminuye con el tamaño de la firma, la antigüedad (años en funcionamiento) y el sector en el que se ubique (por ejemplo, es mayor para los servicios en comparación con el comercio). Las estimaciones muestran que los microestablecimientos informales tienen menores ingresos y activos fijos, aunque sus utilidades no son considerablemente diferentes a las de los establecimientos formales.” Abstract: “This paper examines the recent increase in the size and importance of Colombia's informal sector and studies its effect on efficiency Using microdata from the Encuesta de Microestablecimientos, implemented by DANE for the years 2002-2003, we characterize the informal micro-firms. Estimations show that larger and older firms are less likely to be informal. Firms in the services sector (when compared to the retail sector) also have a lower probability of informality As for the consequences of informality, the results reveal that although informal firms have lower income and less fixed assets, there is no difference in profits.”

Suggested Citation

  • Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía M., 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013339

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    Cited by:

    1. Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María & Sandra Rozo V., 2007. "La informalidad empresarial y sus consecuencias: ¿Son los CAE una solución?," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009191, FEDESARROLLO.
    2. Mauricio Santa María S. & Sandra Rozo V., 2008. "Informalidad empresarial en Colombia: alternativas para impulsar la productividd, el empleo y los ingresos," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009189, FEDESARROLLO.

    More about this item


    Coyuntura Económica; Informalidad; Informalidad Empresarial; Informalidad Laboral; Economía Colombiana; Informes de Investigación;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy


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