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La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes

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  • Jorge Andrés Tamayo

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Abstract

En este trabajo se estima una tasa natural de desempleo para Colombia en el período 1984-2006. Siguiendo el modelo de negociación de salarios de Blanchard (1991), se emplea un filtro de Kalman, para estimar un sistema de ecuaciones para la tasa natural de desempleo, el desajuste del mercado laboral, los salarios y los precios según la metodología propuesta por Salemi (1999). Los resultados de este ejercicio resaltan el papel de la participación joven en el mercado laboral y los costos laborales no salariales como principales determinantes de la tasa natural de desempleo. Asimismo, le restan importancia al papel del salario mínimo en dicha tasa natural, al tiempo que sugieren la existencia de ajustes del mercado laboral colombiano "vía precios".

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2008. "La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes," Borradores de Economia 491, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:491
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jorge Andrés Tamayo Castaño, 2012. "Asimetrías en la demanda por trabajo en Colombia: el papel del ciclo económico," Borradores de Economia 689, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez, 2016. "Determinants of structural unemployment in Colombia. A search approach," Borradores de Economia 969, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Andrés Álvarez, 2016. "La Curva de Beveridge en Colombia (1976-2014): Cambios cíclicos y estructurales," Borradores de Economia 962, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa natural de desempleo; filtro de Kalman; Costos a la nómina; salario mínimo; mercado laboral; población en edad de trabajar Classification JEL:J23; J32; J41; J64; H20; E24; C32.;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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