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La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes

  • Jorge Anfdrés Tamayo

    ()

En este trabajo se estima una tasa natural de desempleo para Colombia en el período 1984-2006.Siguiendo el modelo de negociación de salarios de Blanchard (1991), se emplea un filtro de Kalman,para estimar un sistema de ecuaciones para la tasa natural de desempleo, el desajuste del mercadolaboral, los salarios y los precios según la metodología propuesta por Salemi (1999). Los resultados deeste ejercicio resaltan el papel de la participación joven en el mercado laboral y los costos laborales nosalariales como principales determinantes de la tasa natural de desempleo. Asimismo, le restanimportancia al papel del salario mínimo en dicha tasa natural, al tiempo que sugieren la existencia deajustes del mercado laboral colombiano vía precios"."

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004545.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: 27 Feb 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004545
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  1. Juan Manuel Julio, . "How Uncertain are NAIRU Estimates in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 184, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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  3. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paula Herrera & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2008. "El salario mínimo: aspectos generales sobre los casos de Colombia y otros países," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  4. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía, 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002858, FEDESARROLLO.
  5. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1996. "How Precise are Estimates of the Natural Rate of Unemployment?," NBER Working Papers 5477, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  9. Enrique López Enciso & Martha Misas Arango, 2006. "Las fuentes del desempleo en Colombia: un examen a partir de un modelo SVEC," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003115, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  10. Sergio Clavijo & Luis Ignacio Lozano, 2001. "Generación de Empleo y Parafiscalidad: Soluciones Estructurales en Tiempos de Crisis," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002763, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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  12. Johnson, G.E. & Layard, P.R.G., 1987. "The natural rate of unemployment: Explanation and policy," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 16, pages 921-999 Elsevier.
  13. Yellen, Janet L, 1984. "Efficiency Wage Models of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 200-205, May.
  14. Blanchard, O & Katz, L, 1996. "What We Know and Do Not Know about the Natural Rate of Unemployment," Working papers 96-29, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  15. Phelps, Edmund S & Zoega, Gylfi, 1997. "The Rise and Downward Trend of the Natural Rate," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 283-89, May.
  16. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2006. "La Tasa De Desempleo De Largo Plazo En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003085, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  17. Eduardo Lora & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 1997. "La legislación laboral en el proceso de reformas estructurales de América Latina y el Caribe," Research Department Publications 4065, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  18. Maloney, William F. & Nunez, Jairo & Cunningham, Wendy & Fiess, Norbert & Montenegro, Claudio & Murrugarra, Edmundo & Santamaria,Mauricio & Sepulveda, Claudia, 2001. "Measuring the impact of minimum wages : evidence from Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2597, The World Bank.
  19. Edmund S. Phelps, 1968. "Money-Wage Dynamics and Labor-Market Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76, pages 678.
  20. Juan Carlos Guataqui, 2000. "Estimaciones de la tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia: una revisión," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002603, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  21. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
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