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La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes

  • Jorge Anfdrés Tamayo

    ()

En este trabajo se estima una tasa natural de desempleo para Colombia en el período 1984-2006.Siguiendo el modelo de negociación de salarios de Blanchard (1991), se emplea un filtro de Kalman,para estimar un sistema de ecuaciones para la tasa natural de desempleo, el desajuste del mercadolaboral, los salarios y los precios según la metodología propuesta por Salemi (1999). Los resultados deeste ejercicio resaltan el papel de la participación joven en el mercado laboral y los costos laborales nosalariales como principales determinantes de la tasa natural de desempleo. Asimismo, le restanimportancia al papel del salario mínimo en dicha tasa natural, al tiempo que sugieren la existencia deajustes del mercado laboral colombiano vía precios"."

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004545.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: 27 Feb 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004545
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  1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "La Tasa de Desempleo de Largo Plazo en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 388, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Olivier Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "What We Know and Do Not Know About the Natural Rate of Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 5822, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paula Herrera & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "El salario mínimo: aspectos generales sobre los casos de Colombia y otros países," Borradores de Economia 436, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Yellen, Janet L, 1984. "Efficiency Wage Models of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 200-205, May.
  5. N. Gregory Mankiw, 2000. "The Inexorable and Mysterious Tradeoff Between Inflation and Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 7884, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Lawrence F. Katz & Olivier Blanchard, 1999. "Wage Dynamics: Reconciling Theory and Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 69-74, May.
  7. Eduardo Lora & Carmen Pagés-Serra, 1997. "La legislación laboral en el proceso de reformas estructurales de América Latina y el Caribe," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7625, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Paul Krugman, 1994. "Past and prospective causes of high unemployment," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q IV, pages 23-43.
  9. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carolina Mejía, 2007. "Informalidad en Colombia: nueva evidencia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002858, FEDESARROLLO.
  10. Douglas O. Staiger & James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1997. "How Precise Are Estimates of the Natural Rate of Unemployment?," NBER Chapters, in: Reducing Inflation: Motivation and Strategy, pages 195-246 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Enrique López Enciso & Martha Misas Arango, . "Las fuentes del desempleo en Colombia: un examen a partir de un modelo SVEC," Borradores de Economia 411, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  12. Johnson, G.E. & Layard, P.R.G., 1987. "The natural rate of unemployment: Explanation and policy," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 16, pages 921-999 Elsevier.
  13. William Maloney & Jairo Mendez, 2004. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages. Evidence from Latin America," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 109-130 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Juan Manuel Julio, 2001. "How Uncertain are NAIRU Estimates in Colombia?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002798, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  15. Edmund S. Phelps, 1968. "Money-Wage Dynamics and Labor-Market Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76, pages 678.
  16. Pesaran, M.H. & Smith, R., 1993. "The Natural Rate Hypothesis and its Testable Implications," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9314, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  17. Sergio Clavijo & Luis Ignacio Lozano, 2001. "Generación de Empleo y Parafiscalidad: Soluciones Estructurales en Tiempos de Crisis," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002763, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  18. Juan Carlos Guataqui, 2000. "Estimaciones de la tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia: una revisión," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002603, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  19. Blanchard, Olivier Jean, 1991. "Wage Bargaining and Unemployment Persistence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 277-92, August.
  20. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
  21. Phelps, Edmund S & Zoega, Gylfi, 1997. "The Rise and Downward Trend of the Natural Rate," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 283-89, May.
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