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Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo

Author

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  • Juan Carlos Parra A.
  • Martha Misas A.
  • Enrique López E.

Abstract

En este documento se estudian los determinantes de la heterogeneidad observada en la flexibilidad de precios, empleando los resultados encontrados en una encuesta directa por Misas et al. (2009). Para esto se utilizan los modelos de conteo y se diseñan e implementan un conjunto de pruebas de especificación y de selección de modelos que garantizan una correcta inferencia estadística. En términos generales, los determinantes más significativos a la hora de explicar el grado de flexibilidad de los precios, son las características del producto, los acuerdos contractuales y el sector económico al que pertenece la firma. Por su parte, técnicas de mercadeo, como la posibilidad de discriminar precios entre compradores, son menos significativas. También se encuentra que la existencia de leyes o decretos administrativos, la existencia de líderes en precios y los movimientos de costos no explican la heterogeneidad en el proceso de fijación de los precios.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Parra A. & Martha Misas A. & Enrique López E., 2010. "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," Borradores de Economia 628, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:628
    DOI: 10.32468/be.628
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Iregui & Ligia Melo & María Ramírez, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 17-53.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Formación de precios; flexibilidad de precios; modelos de conteo; bootstrapping; Colombia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General

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