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Optimal inflation weights in the euro area

Author

Listed:
  • Daniela Bragoli

    () (Università Cattolica - Milan)

  • Massimiliano Rigon

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Francesco Zanetti

    () (Oxford University)

Abstract

This study investigates the appropriate measure of inflation in the euro area that the central bank should adopt in order to minimize social welfare losses stemming from volatility in the output gap, inflation and relative prices. We use a model that accounts for both the heterogeneity observed in the degree of price rigidity across regions and sectors, and the asymmetry of real disturbances in relative prices. Our work shows that the optimal weights to assign to each region or economic sector depend on complex interactions between the degree of price stickiness, a country’s economic size and the distribution of shocks across regions. Moreover, the optimal system of weights is primarily affected by the distribution of real shocks across countries. It follows that there is no simple rule of thumb for establishing the optimal weights for each region or economic sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Bragoli & Massimiliano Rigon & Francesco Zanetti, 2016. "Optimal inflation weights in the euro area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1045, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_1045_16
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Massimiliano Rigon & Francesco Zanetti, 2018. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy Interaction in a Non-Ricardian Economy," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(2), pages 389-436, June.
    2. Irina Kozlovtceva & Alexey Ponomarenko & Andrey Sinyakov & Stas Tatarintsev, 2019. "Financial Stability Implications of Policy Mix in a Small Open Commodity-Exporting Economy," Bank of Russia Working Paper Series wps42, Bank of Russia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    optimal monetary policy; euro area regions; asymmetric shocks; asymmetric price stickiness;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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