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Sensibilidad de los salarios al desempleo regional en Colombia: nuevas estimaciones de la curva de salarios

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Eduardo Arango
  • Nataly Obando
  • Carlos Esteban Posada

Abstract

Se utiliza información de la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (1984-2000), la Encuesta Continua de Hogares (2001-2006) y la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares (2006-2009) para estimar la curva de salarios (Blanchflower y Oswald, 1994). Se encuentra que los salarios responden a la tasa de desempleo en magnitudes que varían entre -0,088 y -0,20 lo cual se ajusta a la evidencia internacional. Por tanto, los salarios son sensibles a la tasa de desempleo. La curva se estima con diversas modificaciones y en todos los casos se encuentra evidencia de flexibilidad (imperfecta) de los salarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Nataly Obando & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2010. "Sensibilidad de los salarios al desempleo regional en Colombia: nuevas estimaciones de la curva de salarios," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006829, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:006829
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    Cited by:

    1. Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ DIAZ, 2011. "Impuestos parafiscales y mercado laboral: Un análisis de Equilibrio General Computable," Archivos de Economía 008954, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Gabriela Bonilla, 2015. "Human capital agglomeration and social returns to education in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012788, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Badi H. Baltagi & Bartlomiej Rokicki & Kênia Barreiro Souza, 2017. "The Brazilian wage curve: new evidence from the National Household Survey," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 267-286, August.
    4. López-Castaño, Hugo Alberto, 2012. "El mercado laboral colombiano : tendencias de largo plazo," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 2, pages 81-128, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Rolando Gonzales Martinez, 2018. "The Wage Curve, Once More with Feeling: Bayesian Model Averaging of Heckit Models," Econometric Research in Finance, SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis, vol. 3(2), pages 79-92, December.
    6. Barón, Juan David, 2012. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, June.
    7. Francisco Lasso-Valderrama & Laura Rodríguez-Quintero, 2018. "Ciclo y composición del cambio en los salarios: una aproximación a la estructura salarial de Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1057, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Juan Carlos Segura Ortiz, 2016. "Sobre el uso de curvas de salarios en modelos empíricos de equilibrio económico. Reseña e introducción computacional," Revista Equidad y Desarrollo, Universidad de la Salle, issue 26, pages 172-189, July.
    9. Juan Barón, 2012. "First job experiences of Colombian college graduates: probability of formal employment and wages," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 55-86.
    10. Juan D. Barón, 2010. "Primeras experiencias laborales de los profesionales colombianos: Probabilidad de empleo formal y salarios," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 007625, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    11. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Obando, Nataly & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2012. "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 13, pages 545-585, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    12. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Comportamiento de los salarios reales en Colombia: Un análisis de convergencia condicional, 1984-2009," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 127, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. Daniel Velázquez Orihuela & Zeus Salvador Hernández Veleros, 2018. "Una explicación a la curva de salarios," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, vol. 37(73), February.
    14. Gustavo Hernández, 2012. "Payroll Taxes and the Labor Market: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 49(1), pages 99-123, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Curva de salarios; flexibilidad de salarios; tasa de desempleo.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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