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La calidad de los maestros en Colombia: Desempeño en el examen de Estado del ICFES y la probabilidad de graduarse en el área de educación

  • Juan D. Barón


  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

Existe una estrecha relación entre la calidad de los maestros y la calidad de la educación que reciben los estudiantes. En Colombia, poco se sabe acerca de las competencias académicas de los maestros. Este documento investiga sobre el estándar académico de las personas que se gradúan de programas superiores en educación. Los resultados indican que existe una relación inversa entre el desempeño en la prueba de Estado del ICFES y la probabilidad de graduarse de un programa en el ´área de educación. Estimamos que esta probabilidad es cinco veces más alta cuando se obtuvo un puntaje del ICFES entre los más bajos que cuando se obtuvo un resultado entre los más altos. Esta diferencia es a ´un mayor para las mujeres. Las oportunidades más rentables en otras ocupaciones para las mujeres, particularmente para las de mayor competencia, y una distribución de salarios comprimida en el mercado de maestros explicarían el estándar académico bajo que se observa en esta profesión. ABSTRACT: There is a close relationship between teacher quality and the quality of education. Yet little is known in Colombia about the quality of teachers. In this paper we ask about the academic standard of people who obtain a tertiary degree in education. Results show a negative relationship between results in the standarized test to enter higher education (ICFES) and the probability of obtaining a tertiary degree in education (relative to other areas of study). We estimate that this probability is five-times higher for people with results among the lowest scores than for people with results among the highest. This difference broadens when we consider only women. Higher returns in alternative ocupations for high-ability women, and a compressed wage distribution for teachers would explain the lower academic standard of people entering teaching that we observe.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2011
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008944
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