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Effektivität von Instrumenten der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in unterschiedlichen Konjunkturphasen

Author

Listed:
  • Ulrike Huemer

    (WIFO)

  • Rainer Eppel

    (WIFO)

  • Marion Kogler

    (WIFO)

  • Helmut Mahringer

    (WIFO)

  • Lukas Schmoigl

    (Austrian Institute of Economic Research)

  • David Pichler

    (Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration)

Abstract

Die aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik ist im Konjunkturverlauf mit unterschiedlichen Herausforderungen konfrontiert. Angesichts beträchtlicher öffentlicher Ausgaben in diesem Bereich stellt sich die Frage, welche Maßnahmen zu welchem Zeitpunkt besonders effektiv sind. Ein Literaturüberblick stellt das Repertoire der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik vor und liefert eine Bestandsaufnahme der bisherigen theoretischen und empirischen Wirkungsevidenz im Konjunkturverlauf. Darüber hinaus wird eine empirische Analyse der kausalen Wirkung von vier ausgewählten AMS-Förderungen im Konjunkturzyklus für Österreich vorgenommen. Es sind dies: betriebliche Eingliederungsbeihilfen, Beschäftigungsprojekte auf dem zweiten Arbeitsmarkt, Qualifizierungsmaßnahmen (trägerfinanzierte fachliche Qualifizierung sowie Weiterbildungsförderung auf dem freien Bildungsmarkt). Dabei zeigt sich, dass die untersuchten arbeitsmarktpolitischen Maßnahmen in Krisenzeiten effektiver sind, sie korrelieren positiv mit der Arbeitslosenquote. Mit anderen Worten ist die beschäftigungserhöhende Wirkung der Maßnahmenteilnahme in Zeiten, in denen die Arbeitslosenquote hoch ist, stärker als in Zeiten, in denen sie gering ist.

Suggested Citation

  • Ulrike Huemer & Rainer Eppel & Marion Kogler & Helmut Mahringer & Lukas Schmoigl & David Pichler, 2021. "Effektivität von Instrumenten der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in unterschiedlichen Konjunkturphasen," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 67250, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:67250
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    1. Ulrike Huemer, 2022. "Qualifizierung als Mittel zur Hebung der Beschäftigungsquote," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 95(7), pages 457-466, July.

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    18. repec:hal:spmain:info:hdl:2441/4urlmja10p80kqireg3ejlnogi is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Boockmann, Bernhard & Osiander, Christopher & Stops, Michael & Verbeek, Hans, 2013. "Effekte von Vermittlerhandeln und Vermittlerstrategien im SGB II und SGB III (Pilotstudie) : Abschlussbericht an das IAB durch das Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung e. V. (IAW), Tübingen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201307, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    20. Werner Hölzl & Michael Böheim & Klaus S. Friesenbichler & Agnes Kügler & Thomas Leoni, 2021. "Staatliche Hilfsmaßnahmen für Unternehmen in der COVID-19-Krise. Eine begleitende Analyse operativer Aspekte und Unternehmenseinschätzungen," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 66624, June.
    21. repec:hal:wpspec:info:hdl:2441/2ju03cb3kc9a3986bsibii70hd is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refor," IAB-Discussion Paper 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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