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The Effectiveness of Hiring Credits

Author

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  • Cahuc, Pierre

    (Sciences Po, Paris)

  • Carcillo, Stéphane

    (OECD)

  • Le Barbanchon, Thomas

    (Bocconi University)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effectiveness of hiring credits. Using comprehensive administrative data, we show that the French hiring credit, implemented during the Great Recession, had significant positive employment effects and no effects on wages. Relying on the quasi-experimental variation in labor cost triggered by the hiring credit, we estimate a structural search and matching model. Simulations of counterfactual policies show that the effectiveness of the hiring credit relied to a large extent on three features: it was non-anticipated, temporary and targeted at jobs with rigid wages. We estimate that the cost per job created by permanent hiring credits, either countercyclical or time-invariant, in an environment with flexible wages would have been much higher.

Suggested Citation

  • Cahuc, Pierre & Carcillo, Stéphane & Le Barbanchon, Thomas, 2017. "The Effectiveness of Hiring Credits," IZA Discussion Papers 11248, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11248
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    Cited by:

    1. Aubert, Diane & Chiroleu-Assouline, Mireille, 2019. "Environmental tax reform and income distribution with imperfect heterogeneous labour markets," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 60-82.
    2. Matthias Collischon & Kamila Cygan-Rehm & Regina T. Riphahn, 2018. "Employment Effects of Payroll Tax Subsidies," CESifo Working Paper Series 7111, CESifo.
    3. Pierre Cahuc & Francis Kramarz & Sandra Nevoux, 2018. "When Short-Time Work Works," Sciences Po publications 2018-03, Sciences Po.
    4. Robert S. Chirinko & Daniel J. Wilson, 2016. "Job creation tax credits, fiscal foresight,and job growth: evidence from U.S. States," Working Papers 6, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    5. Cahuc, Pierre & Kramarz, Francis & Nevoux, Sandra, 2021. "The Heterogeneous Impact of Short-Time Work: From Saved Jobs to Windfall Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers 16168, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Hensvik, Lena & Le Barbanchon, Thomas & Rathelot, Roland, 2021. "Job search during the COVID-19 crisis," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 194(C).
    7. Kim, Jinyoung & Kim, Seonghoon & Koh, Kanghyock, 2021. "Labor Market Institutions and the Incidence of Payroll Taxation," IZA Discussion Papers 14321, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Berger, Johannes & Köppl-Turyna, Monika, 2021. "Hiring credits - Einstellungsförderungen: Was der Staat nun für den Arbeitsmarkt tun kann," Policy Notes 45, EcoAustria – Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Kim, Hyejin & Lee, Jungmin, 2019. "Can employment subsidies save jobs? Evidence from a shipbuilding city in South Korea," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    10. Santiago Garriga & Dario Tortarolo, 2020. "Wage effects of employer-mediated transfers," Discussion Papers 2020-08, Nottingham Interdisciplinary Centre for Economic and Political Research (NICEP).
    11. Gabriela Galassi, 2021. "Labor Demand Response to Labor Supply Incentives: Lessons from the German Mini-Job Reform," Staff Working Papers 21-15, Bank of Canada.
    12. Arabzadeh, Hamzeh & Balleer, Almut & Gehrke, Britta, 2020. "Uncovering the mechanism(s): Financial constraints and wages," CEPR Discussion Papers 15585, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Emanuele Ciani & Adele Grompone & Elisabetta Olivieri, 2019. "Long-term unemployment and subsidies for permanent employment," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1249, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    14. Cahuc, Pierre & Malherbet, Franck & Prat, Julien, 2019. "The Detrimental Effect of Job Protection on Employment: Evidence from France," IZA Discussion Papers 12384, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    15. Nordström Skans, Oskar & Vikström, Johan & Lombardi, Stefano, 2018. "Wage subsidies, job-displacement and Swedish firms: A comparison between policy systems," Working Paper Series 2018:6, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    16. Bellon, Aymeric & Harpedanne de Belleville, Louis-Marie & Pinardon-Touati, Noémie, 2021. "Mediating Financial Intermediation," MPRA Paper 108339, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Maarten Goos & Melanie Arntz & Ulrich Zierahn & Terry Gregory & Stephanie Carretero Gomez & Ignacio Gonzalez Vazquez & Koen Jonkers, 2019. "The Impact of Technological Innovation on the Future of Work," JRC Working Papers on Labour, Education and Technology 2019-03, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    18. Galassi, Gabriela, 2021. "Labor Demand Response to Labor Supply Incentives: Lessons from the German Mini-Job Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 14248, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    19. Christian Merkl & Enzo Weber, 2020. "Raus aus der Neueinstellungskrise! [End the Recruitment Crisis!]," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 100(7), pages 507-509, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor demand; search and matching model; hiring credit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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