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Do payroll tax cuts raise youth employment?

Author

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  • Egebark, Johan

    () (Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University)

  • Kaunitz, Niklas

    () (SOFI)

Abstract

In 2007, the Swedish employer-paid payroll tax was cut on a large scale for young workers, substantially reducing labor costs for this group. Using Diff erence-in-Differences paired with exact matching, we estimate a small impact, both on employment and on wages, implying a labor demand elasticity for young workers at around -0.31. Since the tax reduction applied also to existing employments, the cost of the reform was sizable, and the estimated cost per created job is at more than four times that of directly hiring workers at the average wage. Hence, we conclude that payroll tax cuts are an inefficient way to boost employment for young individuals.

Suggested Citation

  • Egebark, Johan & Kaunitz, Niklas, 2014. "Do payroll tax cuts raise youth employment?," Research Papers in Economics 2014:1, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2014_0001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bogdan MUNTEANU, 2016. "Youth Unemployment In Eu: A Pressure To Avoid Long Term Social Empoverishment," Europolity – Continuity and Change in European Governance - New Series, Department of International Relations and European Integration, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, vol. 10(2), pages 1-35.
    2. Gavrilova, Evelina & Zoutman, Floris T. & Hopland, Arnt O., 2017. "How to Use One Instrument to Identify Two Elasticities," Discussion Papers 2017/2, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.
    3. Emmanuel Saez & Benjamin Schoefer & David Seim, 2017. "Payroll Taxes, Firm Behavior, and Rent Sharing: Evidence from a Young Workers' Tax Cut in Sweden," NBER Working Papers 23976, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov & Gidehag, Anton & Rudholm, Niklas, 2018. "Corporate tax evasion and unreported wages: The effect of compulsory staff registers," HUI Working Papers 129, HUI Research.
    5. Cahuc, Pierre & Carcillo, Stéphane & Le Barbanchon, Thomas, 2017. "The Effectiveness of Hiring Credits," IZA Discussion Papers 11248, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Skedinger, Per, 2014. "Effects of Payroll Tax Cuts for Young Workers," Working Paper Series 1031, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    7. Vincent Charlet & Philippe Frocrain, 2017. "Les limites des allégements de charges sur les bas salaires," Working Papers hal-01695167, HAL.
    8. Kaunitz, Niklas & Egebark, Johan, 2017. "Payroll Taxes and Firm Performance," Working Paper Series 1175, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 13 Apr 2018.
    9. Nordström Skans, Oskar & Vikström, Johan & Lombardi, Stefano, 2018. "Wage subsidies, job-displacement and Swedish firms: A comparison between policy systems," Working Paper Series 2018:6, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    10. Pierre Cahuc & Stéphane Carcillo & Thomas Le Barbanchon, 2014. "Do Hiring Credits Work in Recessions?: Evidence from France," Sciences Po publications 8330, Sciences Po.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Youth unemployment; Payroll tax; Tax subsidy; Labor costs; Exact matching;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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