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The cyclicality of the separation and job finding rates in France

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  • Hairault, Jean-Olivier
  • Le Barbanchon, Thomas
  • Sopraseuth, Thepthida

Abstract

In this paper, we shed light on the relative contribution of the separation and job finding rates to French unemployment at business cycle frequencies by using administrative data on registered unemployment and labor force surveys. We first investigate the fluctuations in steady state unemployment, and then in current unemployment in order to take into account the unemployment deviations from equilibrium. Both data sets lead to quite similar results. Both rates contributed to unemployment fluctuations during the nineties (50:50 split), while in the last decade the job finding rate was more significant and explained around 65% of the French unemployment fluctuations. In particular, the last business cycle episode, including the last recession, exacerbated the role of the job finding rate. We then show that the predominant role of the job finding rate in the last decade holds when the economy is hit by aggregate business cycle shocks, moving unemployment and vacancies along the Beveridge curve.

Suggested Citation

  • Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Le Barbanchon, Thomas & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2015. "The cyclicality of the separation and job finding rates in France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 60-84.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:76:y:2015:i:c:p:60-84
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2015.01.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ronald Bachmann & Peggy Bechara & Anica Kramer & Sylvi Rzepka, 2015. "Labour market dynamics and worker heterogeneity during the Great Recession – Evidence from Europe," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-29, December.
    2. repec:eee:labeco:v:50:y:2018:i:c:p:32-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Pedro Portugal & António Rua, 2017. "Zooming the Ins and Outs of the U.S. Unemployment," Working Papers w201703, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    4. Belan, Pascal & Chéron, Arnaud, 2014. "Turbulence, training and unemployment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 16-29.
    5. Y. Saks, 2016. "Socio-economic transitions on the labour market : a European benchmarking exercise," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 41-58, December.
    6. Samil Oh & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2017. "Firm entry, Search and Matching in a Small Open Economy Faced with Uncertainty Shocks: The case of Korea," THEMA Working Papers 2017-27, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    7. Cahuc, Pierre & Carcillo, Stéphane & Le Barbanchon, Thomas, 2017. "The Effectiveness of Hiring Credits," IZA Discussion Papers 11248, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Matilde Bombardini & Gianluca Orefice & Maria D. Tito, 2015. "Does Exporting Improve Matching? Evidence from French Employer-Employee Data," NBER Working Papers 21225, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Matthias S. Hertweck & Oliver Sigrist, 2012. "The Aggregate Effects of the Hartz Reforms in Germany," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2012-38, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
    10. repec:eee:eecrev:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:150-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Sarah Le Duigou & Pierre-Jean Messe, 2017. "Pension reforms, older workers' employment and the role of job separation and finding rates in France," TEPP Working Paper 2017-10, TEPP.
    12. Athanasios O. Tagkalakis, 2016. "Unemployment dynamics and the Beveridge curve in Greece," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-34, December.
    13. Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Zhutova, Anastasia, 2018. "The cyclicality of labor-market flows: A multiple-shock approach," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 150-172.
    14. Albertini, Julien & Hairault, Jean-Olivier & Langot, François & Sopraseuth, Thepthida, 2017. "A Tale of Two Countries: A Story of the French and US Polarization," IZA Discussion Papers 11013, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment variability; Job separation; Job finding; Worker flows;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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