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Muslims in France: identifying a discriminatory equilibrium

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  • Claire Adida
  • David Laitin
  • Marie-Anne Valfort

Abstract

We analyze the assimilation patterns of Muslim immigrants in Western countries with a unique identification strategy. Survey and experimental data collected in France in 2009 suggest that Muslims and rooted French are locked in a suboptimal equilibrium whereby (i) rooted French exhibit taste-based discrimination against those they are able to identify as Muslims and (ii) Muslims perceive French institutions as systematically discriminatory against them. This equilibrium is sustained because Muslims, perceiving discrimination as institutionalized, are reluctant to assimilate and rooted French, who are able to identify Muslims as such due to their lower assimilation, reveal their distaste for Muslims. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Adida & David Laitin & Marie-Anne Valfort, 2014. "Muslims in France: identifying a discriminatory equilibrium," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(4), pages 1039-1086, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:27:y:2014:i:4:p:1039-1086
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-014-0512-1
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    3. François Bonnet & Etienne Lalé & Mirna Safi & Etienne Wasmer, 2015. "Better residential than ethnic discrimination!," Working Papers hal-01205219, HAL.
    4. Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2017. "The role of social networks in cultural assimilation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 15-39.
    5. Schaub, Max & Gereke, Johanna & Baldassarri, Delia, 2020. "Does Poverty Undermine Cooperation in Multiethnic Settings? Evidence from a Cooperative Investment Experiment," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 27-40.
    6. Ahmed Elsayed & Andries Grip, 2018. "Terrorism and the integration of Muslim immigrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 31(1), pages 45-67, January.
    7. Simone Cremaschi & Carlo Devillanova, 2016. "Immigrants and Legal Status: Do Personal Contacts Matter?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1629, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    8. Romain Aeberhardt & Élise Coudin & Roland Rathelot, 2017. "The heterogeneity of ethnic employment gaps," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 307-337, January.
    9. Valfort, Marie-Anne, 2020. "Anti-Muslim discrimination in France: Evidence from a field experiment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 135(C).
    10. Claire L. Adida & David D. Laitin & Marie-Anne Valfort, 2014. "Women, Muslim Immigrants, and Economic Integration in France," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 79-95, March.
    11. Allison Demeritt & Karla Hoff, 2016. "“Small Miracles” — Behavioral Insights to Improve Development Policy: The World Development Report 2015," International Economic Association Series, in: Timothy Besley (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Development Economics, chapter 3, pages 19-43, Palgrave Macmillan.
    12. Philip Verwimp, 2015. "Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq and the socio-economic environment they faced at home: a comparison of European countries," HiCN Working Papers 201, Households in Conflict Network.
    13. François Bonnet & Etienne Lalé & Mirna Safi & Etienne Wasmer, 2015. "Better residential than ethnic discrimination! Reconciling audit's findings and interviews' findings in the Parisian housing market," Sciences Po publications 36, Sciences Po.
    14. Dmitry Grigoryev & Anastasia Batkhina & Fons Vijver & John W. Berry, 2020. "Towards an Integration of Models of Discrimination of Immigrants: from Ultimate (Functional) to Proximate (Sociofunctional) Explanations," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 667-691, September.
    15. Dmitry Grigoryev & Anastasia Batkhina & Fons Vijver & John W. Berry, 0. "Towards an Integration of Models of Discrimination of Immigrants: from Ultimate (Functional) to Proximate (Sociofunctional) Explanations," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-25.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Assimilation; Muslim and Christian immigrants; Discrimination; France;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion

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