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The Effects of Natural Disasters and Weather Variations on International Trade and Financial Flows: a Review of the Empirical Literature

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  • Daniel Osberghaus

    (ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research)

Abstract

This review summarizes the empirical literature on the effects of natural disasters and weather variations on international trade and financial flows. Regarding the effects on trade, I summarize 21 studies of 18 independent research teams and show that there is a large diversity in terms of motivations, data sets used, methodologies, and results. Still, some overarching conclusions can be drawn. Increases in average temperature seem to have a detrimental effect on export values, mainly on manufactured and agricultural products. Given climate change, this finding is important when it comes to projecting long-term developments of trade volumes. Imports seem to be less affected by temperature changes. Findings on the effects of natural disasters on trade are more ambiguous, but at least it can be concluded that exports seem to be affected negatively by the occurrence and severity of disasters in the exporting country. Imports may decrease, increase, or remain unaffected by natural disasters. Regarding heterogeneous effects, small, poor, and hot countries with low institutional quality and little political freedom seem to face the most detrimental effects on their trade flows. The literature on international financial flows is more limited. This part of the review includes 12 empirical studies. All but one focus on the effect of disasters. The majority of these studies finds that remittances and foreign aid inflows increase slightly after disasters. Potential future research could analyze spillover effects (in terms of time, space, and trade networks), consider adaptation, and use more granular data.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Osberghaus, 2019. "The Effects of Natural Disasters and Weather Variations on International Trade and Financial Flows: a Review of the Empirical Literature," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 305-325, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ediscc:v:3:y:2019:i:3:d:10.1007_s41885-019-00042-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s41885-019-00042-2
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    Cited by:

    1. Giulia Bettin & Amadou Jallow & Alberto Zazzaro, 2023. "How Do Monthly Remittances Respond to Natural Disasters in Migrants’ Home Countries?," CSEF Working Papers 673, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    2. Quy Ta & Yothin Jinjarak & Ilan Noy, 2022. "“How Do Shocks Affect International Reserves? A Quasi-Experiment of Earthquakes”," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 33(5), pages 945-971, November.
    3. Risti Permani & Xing Xu, 2022. "The nexus between natural disasters, supply chains and trade—Revisiting the role of preferential trade agreements in disaster risk reduction," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(10), pages 3002-3030, October.
    4. Preeya S. Mohan, 2023. "The Impact of Tropical Storms on International Trade: Evidence from Eastern Caribbean Small Island Developing States," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 179-208, July.
    5. Längle, Katharina & Xu, Ankai & Tian, Ruijie, 2021. "Assessing the supply chain effect of natural disasters: Evidence from Chinese manufacturers," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2021-13, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    6. Eduardo Cavallo & Bridget Hoffmann & Ilan Noy, 2023. "Disasters and Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Introduction to the Special Issue," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 135-145, July.
    7. Ferreira, Susana, 2024. "Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change: Economic Impacts and Adaptation Policies," IZA Discussion Papers 16715, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. John Beirne & Yannis Dafermos & Alexander Kriwoluzky & Nuobu Renzhi & Ulrich Volz & Jana Wittich, 2021. "The Effects of Natural Disasters on Price Stability in the Euro Area," Working Papers 244, Department of Economics, SOAS University of London, UK.
    9. Tobias Sytsma, 2020. "The Impact of Hurricanes on Trade and Welfare: Evidence from US Port-level Exports," Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 625-655, October.
    10. Beirne, John & Dafermos, Yannis & Kriwoluzky, Alexander & Renzhi, Nuobu & Volz, Ulrich & Wittich, Jana, 2022. "Natural Disasters and Inflation in the Euro Area," VfS Annual Conference 2022 (Basel): Big Data in Economics 264132, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    11. Ruohan Wu, 2023. "Natural disasters, climate change, and structural transformation: A new perspective from international trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(5), pages 1333-1377, May.
    12. Xiaodong Zhu & Zijing Jin & Shunsuke Managi & XiRong Xun, 2021. "How meteorological disasters affect the labor market? The moderating effect of government emergency response policy," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 107(3), pages 2625-2640, July.
    13. Beirne, John & Renzhi, Nuobu & Volz, Ulrich, 2021. "Feeling the heat: Climate risks and the cost of sovereign borrowing," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 920-936.
    14. Sandi, Eleni, 2021. "Estimating the Impact of Natural Disasters on Caribbean Exports," Warwick-Monash Economics Student Papers 03, Warwick Monash Economics Student Papers.
    15. Tihana Skrinjaric, 2023. "What Are the Short- to Medium-Term Effects of Extreme Weather on the Croatian Economy?," Croatian Economic Survey, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, vol. 25(1), pages 33-78, June.
    16. Hale, Galina, 2024. "Climate Disasters and Exchange Rates: Are Beliefs Keeping up with Climate Change?," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt7cz1p5k7, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate change; Exports; Financial flows; imports; International trade; natural disasters; 62; 91.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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