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Global biofuel production and poverty in China

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  • Huang, Jikun
  • Yang, Jun
  • Msangi, Siwa
  • Rozelle, Scott
  • Weersink, Alfons

Abstract

This study assesses the future impacts of biofuel production from the world’s major biofuel producers (the US, Brazil and the EU) over the next decade on global markets and the resulting spatial implications on income distribution and agricultural production in China. Rising global commodity prices arising from either positive market conditions for biofuels or government mandates on biofuel production levels, are transmitted, albeit imperfectly, into China’s domestic food economy. For those crops that are being used for feedstocks internationally (maize) or are close substitutes for feedstocks (soybeans), production rises sharply. Imports also fall significantly. Such dynamics help China to realize its self-sufficiency goals more fully. Another unintended benefit of the increase in global biofuel use is the impact on Chinese income distribution. China’s farmers—especially the poor—benefit from biofuels.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Jikun & Yang, Jun & Msangi, Siwa & Rozelle, Scott & Weersink, Alfons, 2012. "Global biofuel production and poverty in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 246-255.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:98:y:2012:i:c:p:246-255
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.03.031
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ajanovic, Amela & Haas, Reinhard, 2014. "On the future prospects and limits of biofuels in Brazil, the US and EU," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 730-737.
    2. Condon, Nicole & Klemick, Heather & Wolverton, Ann, 2015. "Impacts of ethanol policy on corn prices: A review and meta-analysis of recent evidence," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 63-73.
    3. Yang, Jun & Wang, Xiaobing & Ma, Hengyun & Bai, Junfei & Jiang, Ye & Yu, Hai, 2014. "Potential usage, vertical value chain and challenge of biomass resource: Evidence from China’s crop residues," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 717-723.
    4. Muth, D.J. & Bryden, K.M. & Nelson, R.G., 2013. "Sustainable agricultural residue removal for bioenergy: A spatially comprehensive US national assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 403-417.
    5. Fujimori, Shinichiro & Masui, Toshihiko & Matsuoka, Yuzuru, 2014. "Development of a global computable general equilibrium model coupled with detailed energy end-use technology," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 296-306.
    6. Chanthawong, Anuman & Dhakal, Shobhakar, 2016. "Stakeholders' perceptions on challenges and opportunities for biodiesel and bioethanol policy development in Thailand," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 189-206.
    7. Niu, Shuwen & Liu, Yiyue & Ding, Yongxia & Qu, Wei, 2016. "China׳s energy systems transformation and emissions peak," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 782-795.
    8. Liu, Yunyun & Zhang, Yu & Xu, Jingliang & Sun, Yongming & Yuan, Zhenhong & Xie, Jun, 2015. "Consolidated bioprocess for bioethanol production with alkali-pretreated sugarcane bagasse," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 517-522.
    9. Koizumi, Tatsuji, 2013. "Biofuel and food security in China and Japan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 102-109.
    10. van Eijck, Janske & Batidzirai, Bothwell & Faaij, André, 2014. "Current and future economic performance of first and second generation biofuels in developing countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 115-141.

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    Keywords

    Biofuel; Self-sufficiency; Poverty; China;

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