Whose education affects a childâ€™s nutritional status? From parents' to household's education
The paper provides two contributions to the ongoing debate on the determinants of child nutrition in developing countries. First, based on data from Mozambique, it provides evidence of the externalities generated by the literacy of household members different from the childâ€™s parents. Second, by means of seemingly unrelated regression together with formal testing, it shows that there is no statistically significant difference in the (positive) effect of parentsâ€™ education on two different indicators of child nutrition: height-for-age and weight-for-age. The presence of another literate member of the household, instead, affects only the childrenâ€™s height. As a conclusion, the paper reinforces the evidence of the robust relationship between householdâ€™s education and child anthropometry, and highlights the need to include variables reflecting non-parents literacy/education, whose role is often neglected.
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