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Extreme Governance: An Analysis of Dual-Class Firms in the United States

In: Corporate Governance

Citations

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Cited by:

  1. Lauterbach, Beni & Yafeh, Yishay, 2011. "Long term changes in voting power and control structure following the unification of dual class shares," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 215-228, April.
  2. Hoje Jo & Maretno Harjoto, 2011. "Corporate Governance and Firm Value: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 103(3), pages 351-383, October.
  3. Baron David P & Agus Harjoto Maretno & Jo Hoje, 2011. "The Economics and Politics of Corporate Social Performance," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(2), pages 1-48, August.
  4. Howell, Jason W., 2017. "The survival of the U.S. dual class share structure," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 440-450.
  5. Lucian A. Bebchuk & Michael S. Weisbach, 2010. "The State of Corporate Governance Research," NBER Chapters, in: Corporate Governance, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Kornelia Fabisik & Rüdiger Fahlenbrach & René M. Stulz & Jérôme Taillard, 2018. "Why Are Firms With More Managerial Ownership Worth Less?," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 18-75, Swiss Finance Institute.
  7. Boubaker, Sabri & Derouiche, Imen & Lasfer, Meziane, 2015. "Geographic location, excess control rights, and cash holdings," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 24-37.
  8. At, Christian & Burkart, Mike & Lee, Samuel, 2011. "Security-voting structure and bidder screening," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 458-476, July.
  9. Xi Li & Mingyi Hung & Larry Fauver & Alvaro Taboada, 2015. "Board Reforms and Firm Value: Worldwide Evidence," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2015-20, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Mar 2015.
  10. Ronconi, Lucas & Kawamura, Enrique, 2015. "Firms' Investment and Savings in Latin America: Stylized Facts from the Enterprise Survey," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7349, Inter-American Development Bank.
  11. Jongmoo Jay Choi & Hoje Jo & Jimi Kim & Moo Sung Kim, 2018. "Business Groups and Corporate Social Responsibility," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 153(4), pages 931-954, December.
  12. Kovermann, Jost & Wendt, Martin, 2019. "Tax avoidance in family firms: Evidence from large private firms," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 145-157.
  13. repec:dau:papers:123456789/12816 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Ghosh, Chinmoy & Hilliard, James & Petrova, Milena & Phani, B.V., 2016. "Economic consequences of deregulation: Evidence from the removal of voting cap in Indian banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 19-38.
  15. Zeineb Barka & Taher Hamza, 2020. "The effect of large controlling shareholders on equity prices in France: monitoring or entrenchment?," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 24(3), pages 769-798, September.
  16. Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue & Xuan, Yuhai, 2011. "Ownership structure and financial constraints: Evidence from a structural estimation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 416-431.
  17. Cao, Jerry & Liu, Qigui & Tian, Gary G., 2014. "Do venture capitalists play a monitoring role in an emerging market? Evidence from the pay–performance relationship of Chinese entrepreneurial firms," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 121-145.
  18. Armstrong, Christopher S. & Core, John E. & Guay, Wayne R., 2014. "Do independent directors cause improvements in firm transparency?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(3), pages 383-403.
  19. Richardson, Grant & Wang, Bei & Zhang, Xinmin, 2016. "Ownership structure and corporate tax avoidance: Evidence from publicly listed private firms in China," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 141-158.
  20. Alexandra Dawson & Imants Paeglis & Nilanjan Basu, 2018. "Founder as Steward or Agent? A Study of Founder Ownership and Firm Value," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 42(6), pages 886-910, November.
  21. Amoako-Adu, Ben & Baulkaran, Vishaal & Smith, Brian F., 2014. "Analysis of dividend policy of dual and single class U.S corporations," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 1-29.
  22. Braggion, Fabio & Giannetti, Mariassunta, 2019. "Changing corporate governance norms: Evidence from dual class shares in the UK," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 15-27.
  23. Eric Hilt, 2014. "History of American Corporate Governance: Law, Institutions, and Politics," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 1-21, December.
  24. Lélis Pedro Andrade & Aureliano Angel Bressan & Robert Aldo Iquiapaza, 2017. "Dual class shares, board of directors’ effectiveness and firm’s market value: an empirical study," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 21(4), pages 1053-1092, December.
  25. Pei-Gi Shu & Sue-Jane Chiang & Man-Yin Chen, 2018. "A New Measure of Control-Cash Flow Deviation: Cases in Taiwan," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 25(4), pages 325-340, December.
  26. Tinaikar, Surjit, 2017. "Executive compensation disclosure and private control benefits: A comparison of U.S. and Canadian dual class firms," Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 32-51.
  27. Jordan, Bradford D. & Kim, Soohyung & Liu, Mark H., 2016. "Growth opportunities, short-term market pressure, and dual-class share structure," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 304-328.
  28. Fauver, Larry & Hung, Mingyi & Li, Xi & Taboada, Alvaro G., 2017. "Board reforms and firm value: Worldwide evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1), pages 120-142.
  29. Geoffrey Martin & Joanna Tochman Campbell & Luis Gomez-Mejia, 2016. "Family Control, Socioemotional Wealth and Earnings Management in Publicly Traded Firms," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 133(3), pages 453-469, February.
  30. Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue & Malatesta, Paul & Xuan, Yuhai, 2012. "Corporate ownership structure and bank loan syndicate structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(1), pages 1-22.
  31. Byung-Seong Min & Peter Verhoeven, 2013. "Outsider Board Activity, Ownership Structure and Firm Value: Evidence from Korea," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 13(2), pages 187-214, June.
  32. Jordan, Bradford D. & Liu, Mark H. & Wu, Qun, 2014. "Corporate payout policy in dual-class firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 1-19.
  33. Aggarwal, Reena & Dahiya, Sandeep & Prabhala, Nagpurnanand R., 2019. "The power of shareholder votes: Evidence from uncontested director elections," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(1), pages 134-153.
  34. Greene, Daniel, 2016. "The wealth of private firm owners following reverse mergers," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 56-75.
  35. Kryzanowski, Lawrence & Nie, Yulin (George), 2019. "M&A price pressure revisited," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 299-308.
  36. Lauterbach, Beni & Pajuste, Anete, 2015. "The long-term valuation effects of voluntary dual class share unifications," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 171-185.
  37. Kang, Minjung & Lee, Ho-Young & Lee, Myung-Gun & Park, Jong Chool, 2014. "The association between related-party transactions and control–ownership wedge: Evidence from Korea," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 272-296.
  38. Fauver, Larry & McDonald, Michael B. & Taboada, Alvaro G., 2018. "Does it pay to treat employees well? International evidence on the value of employee-friendly culture," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 84-108.
  39. Lin, Chen & Ma, Yue & Malatesta, Paul & Xuan, Yuhai, 2011. "Ownership structure and the cost of corporate borrowing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 1-23, April.
  40. Wendy Rotenberg, 2013. "Mitigation of U.S. Home Bias in the Valuation of Canadian Natural Resource Firms: Choice of Reporting and Transaction Currency," Multinational Finance Journal, Multinational Finance Journal, vol. 17(3-4), pages 201-241, September.
  41. Brian L. Connelly & Wei Shi & Jinyong Zyung, 2017. "Managerial response to constitutional constraints on shareholder power," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(7), pages 1499-1517, July.
  42. Crisóstomo, Vicente Lima & Brandão, Isac de Freitas & López-Iturriaga, Félix Javier, 2020. "Large shareholders’ power and the quality of corporate governance: An analysis of Brazilian firms," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
  43. Ammann, Manuel & Oesch, David & Schmid, Markus M., 2011. "Corporate governance and firm value: International evidence," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 36-55, January.
  44. Mario Gomes Augusto & Antonio Pedro Soares Pinto, 2015. "Banking Relationships, Managerial Ownership and Operational Performance: A Simultaneous Equations Approach in the Context of SMEs," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 6(1), pages 22-42, January.
  45. Gopal Krishnan & Marietta Peytcheva, 2019. "The Risk of Fraud in Family Firms: Assessments of External Auditors," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 157(1), pages 261-278, June.
  46. repec:dau:papers:123456789/9552 is not listed on IDEAS
  47. Stephan Nüesch, 2016. "Dual-class shares, external financing needs, and firm performance," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 20(3), pages 525-551, September.
  48. Baulkaran, Vishaal, 2014. "Management entrenchment and the valuation discount of dual class firms," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 70-81.
  49. Belot, François & Ginglinger, Edith & Slovin, Myron B. & Sushka, Marie E., 2014. "Freedom of choice between unitary and two-tier boards: An empirical analysis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(3), pages 364-385.
  50. Ansari, Iram Fatima & Goergen, Marc & Mira, Svetlana, 2014. "The determinants of the CEO successor choice in family firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 6-25.
  51. Liu, Yun, 2014. "Outside options and CEO turnover: The network effect," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 201-217.
  52. Bauguess, Scott W. & Slovin, Myron B. & Sushka, Marie E., 2012. "Large shareholder diversification, corporate risk taking, and the benefits of changing to differential voting rights," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1244-1253.
  53. Baran, Lindsay & Forst, Arno, 2015. "Disproportionate insider control and board of director characteristics," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 62-80.
  54. Boubaker, Sabri & Mansali, Hatem & Rjiba, Hatem, 2014. "Large controlling shareholders and stock price synchronicity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 80-96.
  55. Manuel Ammann & David Oesch & Markus Schmid, 2013. "The construction and valuation effect of corporate governance indices," Chapters, in: Adrian R. Bell & Chris Brooks & Marcel Prokopczuk (ed.),Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Finance, chapter 13, pages 314-340, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  56. François Belot & Timothée Waxin, 2017. "Labor Conflicts in French Workplaces: Does (the Type of) Family Control Matter?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 146(3), pages 591-617, December.
  57. Basu, Nilanjan & Paeglis, Imants & Toffanin, Melissa, 2017. "Reading between the blocks," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 294-317.
  58. Alice Rossi & Silvio Vismara & Michele Meoli, 2019. "Voting rights delivery in investment-based crowdfunding: a cross-platform analysis," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 46(2), pages 251-281, June.
  59. Appel, Ian R. & Gormley, Todd A. & Keim, Donald B., 2016. "Passive investors, not passive owners," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1), pages 111-141.
  60. Uygur, Ozge, 2018. "CEO ability and corporate opacity," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 72-81.
  61. Laplante, Stacie K. & Nesbitt, Wayne L., 2017. "The relation among trapped cash, permanently reinvested earnings, and foreign cash," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 126-148.
  62. Betzer, André & van den Bongard, Inga & Goergen, Marc, 2017. "Index membership vs. loss of voting power: The unification of dual-class shares," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 140-153.
  63. Zhu, Jigao & Ye, Kangtao & Tucker, Jennifer Wu & Chan, Kam (Johnny) C., 2016. "Board hierarchy, independent directors, and firm value: Evidence from China," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 262-279.
  64. Surjit Tinaikar, 2014. "Voluntary disclosure and ownership structure: an analysis of dual class firms," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 18(2), pages 373-417, May.
  65. Govindarajan, Vijay & Srivastava, Anup, 2018. "Reexamining dual-class stock," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 61(3), pages 461-466.
  66. Ian R. Appel & Todd A. Gormley & Donald B. Keim, 2016. "Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: The Effect of Passive Investors on Activism," NBER Working Papers 22707, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  67. François Belot & Edith Ginglinger & Myron Slovin & Marie Sushka, 2012. "Lessons from The French Exception: How Firms Choose Between Unitary and Dual Boards," Post-Print hal-01637565, HAL.
  68. Kevin C. H. Chiang & Gregory J. Wachtel & Xiyu Zhou, 2019. "Corporate Social Responsibility and Growth Opportunity: The Case of Real Estate Investment Trusts," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 155(2), pages 463-478, March.
  69. Howard Bodenhorn, 2014. "Voting Rights, Shareholdings, and Leverage at Nineteenth-Century U.S. Banks," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(2), pages 431-458.
  70. Pattaragit Netiniyom, 2016. "Does Free Float Affect Shareholder Wealth? New Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Thailand," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 8(2), pages 043-053, December.
  71. Guo, Lin & Platikanov, Stefan, 2019. "Institutional ownership and corporate governance of public companies in China," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
  72. Bryan Hong & Zhichuan Li & Dylan Minor, 2016. "Corporate Governance and Executive Compensation for Corporate Social Responsibility," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 136(1), pages 199-213, June.
  73. Emilie R. Feldman & Raphael(Raffi) Amit & Belén Villalonga, 2016. "Corporate divestitures and family control," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(3), pages 429-446, March.
  74. Sinan Gokkaya & Michael J. Highfield, 2014. "Sales of Secondary Shares in SEOs: A Comparison across Top Managers, Other Insiders, and Outsiders," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 43(4), pages 757-794, December.
  75. Amoako-Adu, Ben & Baulkaran, Vishaal & Smith, Brian F., 2011. "Executive compensation in firms with concentrated control: The impact of dual class structure and family management," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 1580-1594.
  76. Khurana, Inder K. & Raman, K.K. & Wang, Dechun, 2013. "Weakened outside shareholder rights in dual-class firms and timely loss reporting," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 203-220.
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  78. Hoechle, Daniel & Karthaus, Larissa & Schmid, Markus, 2017. "The Long-Term Performance of IPO’s, Revisited," Working Papers on Finance 1706, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
  79. Bigelli, Marco & Croci, Ettore, 2013. "Dividend privileges and the value of voting rights: Evidence from Italy," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 94-107.
  80. Eugster, Nicolas & Isakov, Dušan, 2019. "Founding family ownership, stock market returns, and agency problems," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
  81. Hoje Jo & Maretno Harjoto, 2012. "The Causal Effect of Corporate Governance on Corporate Social Responsibility," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 106(1), pages 53-72, March.
  82. Chourou, Lamia & Hossain, Ashrafee T. & Kryzanowski, Lawrence, 2019. "Dual-class firms, M&As and SOX," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 176-187.
  83. Belén Villalonga & Raphael Amit, 2010. "Family Control of Firms and Industries," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 39(3), pages 863-904, September.
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  86. Bae, Kee-Hong & Kim, Seung-Bo & Kim, Woochan, 2012. "Family control and expropriation at not-for-profit organizations: evidence from korean private universities," MPRA Paper 44029, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  87. Hamdamov Omonulla Ne’matillaevich, 2016. "Financial Risk Management At The Enterprise: Methods And Models," Working papers 2016-03-17, Voice of Research.
  88. Li, Xiaodan & Jiao, Yang & Yu, Min-Teh & Zhao, Yang, 2019. "Founders and the decision of Chinese dual-class IPOs in the U.S," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 57(C).
  89. Sea-Jin Chang & Jungwook Shim, 2015. "When does transitioning from family to professional management improve firm performance?," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(9), pages 1297-1316, September.
  90. Maretno Harjoto & Hoje Jo, 2011. "Corporate Governance and CSR Nexus," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 100(1), pages 45-67, April.
  91. Cumming, Douglas & Meoli, Michele & Vismara, Silvio, 2019. "Investors’ choices between cash and voting rights: Evidence from dual-class equity crowdfunding," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(8), pages 1-1.
  92. Kim, Incheol & Pantzalis, Christos & Park, Jung Chul, 2013. "Corporate boards' political ideology diversity and firm performance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 223-240.
  93. Cao, Jerry & Pan, Xiaofei & Tian, Gary, 2011. "Disproportional ownership structure and pay-performance relationship: Evidence from China's listed firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 541-554, June.
  94. Pi‐Hui Ting & Hsien‐yu Yin, 2018. "How do corporate social responsibility activities affect performance? The role of excess control right," Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 25(6), pages 1320-1331, November.
  95. King, Roger & Peng, Winnie Qian, 2013. "The effect of industry characteristics on the control longevity of founding-family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 281-295.
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