IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Does Free Float Affect Shareholder Wealth? New Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Thailand


  • Pattaragit Netiniyom


This research aims to investigate alternative investment illiquidity stocks in an emerging market, the Stock Exchange of Thailand. The new sample, illiquidity stocks, is evaluated by the ranking of stock trading volume from 2011 to 2012. Data screening yielded 163 listed companies. The OLS model is applied with quarterly data for the study period from 2011 to 2014. Because of the reflection between ROE and TOBIN Q, the usage of the OLS model might lead to biased results due to the autocorrelation of the variables. Thus the TSLS model is applied for the final prediction. The results of the study may be important; in the case of stocks with low liquidity, shareholder wealth depends on investor choice as to whether they prefer a quick payment as a dividend yield, or whether to wait to receive the return from company reinvestment in the future. The regulators could apply the results in decisions about free float criteria. Alternative investment could be supported by encouraging the issue of stock analysis reports.

Suggested Citation

  • Pattaragit Netiniyom, 2016. "Does Free Float Affect Shareholder Wealth? New Evidence from the Stock Exchange of Thailand," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 8(2), pages 043-053, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfb:journl:v:08:y:2016:i:2:p:043-053

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/12648 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Marcus Lim & Richard Coggins, 2005. "The immediate price impact of trades on the Australian Stock Exchange," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(4), pages 365-377.
    3. J. Tobin, 1958. "Liquidity Preference as Behavior Towards Risk," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(2), pages 65-86.
    4. Paul A. Gompers & Joy Ishii & Andrew Metrick, 2010. "Extreme Governance: An Analysis of Dual-Class Firms in the United States," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 23(3), pages 1051-1088, March.
    5. Pastor, Lubos & Stambaugh, Robert F., 2003. "Liquidity Risk and Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(3), pages 642-685, June.
    6. repec:uts:ppaper:v:67:y:2011:i:1:p:55-71 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Andrew C. Harvey, 1990. "The Econometric Analysis of Time Series, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 026208189x, December.
    8. Chai, Daniel & Faff, Robert & Gharghori, Philip, 2010. "New evidence on the relation between stock liquidity and measures of trading activity," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 181-192, June.
    9. Amihud, Yakov, 2002. "Illiquidity and stock returns: cross-section and time-series effects," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 31-56, January.
    10. Rhee, S. Ghon & Wang, Jianxin, 2009. "Foreign institutional ownership and stock market liquidity: Evidence from Indonesia," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1312-1324, July.
    11. Hudson, Carl D & Jahera, John S, Jr & Lloyd, William P, 1992. "Further Evidence on the Relationship between Ownership and Performance," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 27(2), pages 227-239, May.
    12. Jacques Hamon & Bertrand Jacquillat, 1999. "Is there Value‐Added Information in Liquidity and Risk Premiums?," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 5(3), pages 369-394, November.
    13. Liu, Weimin, 2006. "A liquidity-augmented capital asset pricing model," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 631-671, December.
    14. Ronald C. Anderson & David M. Reeb, 2003. "Founding-Family Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from the S&P 500," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(3), pages 1301-1327, June.
    15. Claessens, Stijn & Djankov, Simeon & Lang, Larry H. P., 2000. "The separation of ownership and control in East Asian Corporations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 81-112.
    16. David Lam & Bing-Xuan Lin & David Michayluk, 2011. "Demand and Supply and Their Relationship to Liquidity: Evidence from the S&P 500 Change to Free Float," Published Paper Series 2011-3, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    17. Ronald C. Anderson & David M. Reeb, 2003. "Founding‐Family Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from the S&P 500," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(3), pages 1301-1328, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ebihara, Takashi & Kubota, Keiichi & Takehara, Hitoshi & Yokota, Eri, 2014. "Market liquidity, private information, and the cost of capital: Market microstructure studies on family firms in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1-13.
    2. Hearn, Bruce, 2014. "The political institutional and firm governance determinants of liquidity: Evidence from North Africa and the Arab Spring," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 127-158.
    3. Hearn, Bruce & Piesse, Jenifer, 2013. "Firm level governance and institutional determinants of liquidity: Evidence from Sub Saharan Africa," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 93-111.
    4. Vu, Van & Chai, Daniel & Do, Viet, 2015. "Empirical tests on the liquidity-adjusted capital asset pricing model," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PA), pages 73-89.
    5. Thomas Paul & Thomas Walther & André Küster-Simic, 2022. "Empirical analysis of the illiquidity premia of German real estate securities," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 36(2), pages 203-260, June.
    6. ElBannan, Mona A., 2017. "Stock market liquidity, family ownership, and capital structure choices in an emerging country," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 201-231.
    7. James J. Cordeiro & Giorgia Profumo & Ilaria Tutore, 2020. "Board gender diversity and corporate environmental performance: The moderating role of family and dual‐class majority ownership structures," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(3), pages 1127-1144, March.
    8. Loukil, Nadia & Yousfi, Ouidad, 2010. "Does corporate governance affect stock liquidity in the Tunisian Stock Market?," MPRA Paper 28697, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Feb 2011.
    9. Massa, Massimo & O'Donovan, James & Zhang, Hong, 2021. "International Asset Pricing with Strategic Business Groups," CEPR Discussion Papers 15746, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Zhang, Yiming & Wang, Guanying, 2020. "Compensation for illiquidity in China: Evidence from an alternative measure," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    11. Ding, Xiaoya (Sara) & Ni, Yang & Zhong, Ligang, 2016. "Free float and market liquidity around the world," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 236-257.
    12. Ansari, Iram Fatima & Goergen, Marc & Mira, Svetlana, 2014. "The determinants of the CEO successor choice in family firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 6-25.
    13. Agarwal, Anushka & Chaudhry, Neeru, 2022. "Foreign controlling shareholders and corporate investment," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
    14. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5922 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Eugster, Nicolas & Isakov, Dušan, 2019. "Founding family ownership, stock market returns, and agency problems," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
    16. François Belot & Timothée Waxin, 2017. "Labor Conflicts in French Workplaces: Does (the Type of) Family Control Matter?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 146(3), pages 591-617, December.
    17. George Milunovich & Jelena Minović, 2014. "Local and global illiquidity effects in the Balkans frontier markets," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(31), pages 3861-3873, November.
    18. Gunnarsson, Emma & Kärnä, Anders & Olsson, Martin & Persson, Lars, 2023. "Family Firms: In All Shapes and Sizes," Working Paper Series 1461, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    19. Mulyani, Evy & Singh, Harminder & Mishra, Sagarika, 2016. "Dividends, leverage, and family ownership in the emerging Indonesian market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 16-29.
    20. Kabbach-de-Castro, Luiz Ricardo & Kalatzis, Aquiles Elie Guimarães & Pellicani, Aline Damasceno, 2022. "Do financial constraints in an unstable emerging economy mitigate the opportunistic behavior of entrenched family owners?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    21. Rogers Ondiba Ochenge & Rose Ngugi & Peter Muriu & David McMillan, 2020. "Foreign equity flows and stock market liquidity in Kenya," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 1781503-178, January.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rfb:journl:v:08:y:2016:i:2:p:043-053. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Tatu Lucian (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.