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Why are firms with more managerial ownership worth less?

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  • Fabisik, Kornelia
  • Fahlenbrach, Rüdiger
  • Stulz, René M.
  • Taillard, Jérôme P.

Abstract

Using more than 50,000 firm-years from 1988 to 2015, we show that the empirical relation between a firm's Tobin's q and managerial ownership is systematically negative. When we restrict our sample to larger firms, as in the prior literature, we confirm earlier findings of an increasing and concave relation between q and managerial ownership. We show that cumulative past performance and liquidity can explain these seemingly contradictory results. Better performing firms have more liquid equity, which enables firms and insiders to more easily sell shares after the IPO, and they also have a higher Tobin's q.

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  • Fabisik, Kornelia & Fahlenbrach, Rüdiger & Stulz, René M. & Taillard, Jérôme P., 2021. "Why are firms with more managerial ownership worth less?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(3), pages 699-725.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:140:y:2021:i:3:p:699-725
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2021.02.008
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    2. Henry Kimathi Mukaria, 2020. "Managerial Shareholding, Asset Utilization Efficiency and Shareholders Wealth: A Structural Equation Model Analysis," International Journal of Applied Economics, Finance and Accounting, Online Academic Press, vol. 7(1), pages 32-38.
    3. Florackis, Chris & Kanas, Angelos & Kostakis, Alexandros & Sainani, Sushil, 2020. "Idiosyncratic risk, risk-taking incentives and the relation between managerial ownership and firm value," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 283(2), pages 748-766.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Managerial ownership; Tobin's q; Firm value; Liquidity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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