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Changes in insider ownership and changes in the market value of the firm

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  • McConnell, John J.
  • Servaes, Henri
  • Lins, Karl V.

Abstract

The empirically-observed cross-sectional relation between the level of insider share ownership and the level of firm value has often been interpreted to mean that a change in share ownership can lead to a change in firm value. Such an interpretation has been criticized for ignoring potential endogeneity. In this paper, we perform two sets of tests to circumvent this alleged endogeneity. First, we measure changes in value over the 6-day interval around announcements of insider share purchases and find that the cross-sectional variability in changes in value is described by a curvilinear relation between firm value and insider ownership where the value of the firm first increases, then decreases, as insider share ownership increases. Second, we conduct tests to determine (1) whether the insider purchases are a response to changes in firm characteristics that require a new optimal equilibrium ownership level or (2) whether insiders are purchasing shares to signal that the firm is undervalued. We find no evidence to support these interpretations. Overall, our results are consistent with a causal interpretation of the empirical relation between insider ownership and firm value.

Suggested Citation

  • McConnell, John J. & Servaes, Henri & Lins, Karl V., 2008. "Changes in insider ownership and changes in the market value of the firm," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 92-106, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:14:y:2008:i:2:p:92-106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pan, Lee-Hsien & Lin, Chien-Ting & Yang, Pei-Chi, 2013. "Corporate governance, growth opportunities, and the choices of cross-listings: The case of Chinese ADRs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 221-234.
    2. Bradley W. Benson & Wallace N. Davidson III & Hongxia Wang & Dan L. Worrell, 2011. "Deviations from Expected Stakeholder Management, Firm Value, and Corporate Governance," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 40(1), pages 39-81, March.
    3. repec:eee:quaeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:328-345 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Cristina Martinez-Sola & Pedro J Garcia-Teruel & Pedro Martinez-Solano, 2011. "Corporate Cash Holding And Firm Value," Post-Print hal-00732524, HAL.
    5. Sofi Mohd Fikri & Mohamed Hisham Yahya & Taufiq Hassan, 2017. "A Review on Agency Cost of Shariah Governance in Mutual Fund," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 530-538.
    6. Fidrmuc, Jana P. & Korczak, Adriana & Korczak, Piotr, 2013. "Why does shareholder protection matter for abnormal returns after reported insider purchases and sales?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1915-1935.
    7. Yongchun Ju & Linying Zhao, 2014. "Directors’ Ownership and Closed-End Fund Discounts," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 241-269, April.
    8. Peng, Lin & Röell, Ailsa A & Tang, Hongfei, 2016. "CEO Incentives: Measurement, Determinants, and Impact on Performance," CEPR Discussion Papers 11417, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Chang, Chiao-Yi, 2013. "The market response of insider transferring trades and firm characteristics in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 131-144.
    10. Yuk Ying Chang & Martin Young, 2015. "Dissipative Competition: Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 169-198, June.
    11. Fahlenbrach, Rüdiger & Stulz, René M., 2009. "Managerial ownership dynamics and firm value," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(3), pages 342-361, June.
    12. Elzbieta Wronska-Bukalska, 2015. "Stock Repurchases, Stock Compensation, and Firm Financial Performance," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 10(3), pages 201-217.
    13. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:301-:d:128472 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Kim, E. Han & Lu, Yao, 2011. "CEO ownership, external governance, and risk-taking," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 272-292.
    15. Chen, Ming-Yuan, 2013. "Adjustments in managerial ownership and changes in firm value," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 1-12.
    16. Chiung-Ju Liang & Ying-Li Lin & Tzu-Tsang Huang, 2011. "Does Endogenously Determined Ownership Matter on Performance? Dynamic Evidence from the Emerging Taiwan Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 120-133, November.
    17. Bogdan Capraru & Iulian Ihnatov & Nicu Sprincean, 2016. "Changes of Executives and Ownership in a Romanian Small Bank: an Event Study Approach," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 1(35), pages 36-46, may.
    18. Yacine Belghitar & James Khan, 2013. "Governance mechanisms, investment opportunity set and SMEs cash holdings," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 59-72, January.
    19. Dong Chen, 2014. "The Non-monotonic Effect of Board Independence on Credit Ratings," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 145-171, April.
    20. Chiung-Ju Liang & Ying-Li Lin & Tzu-Tsang Huang, 2011. "Does Endogenously Determined Ownership Matter on Performance? Dynamic Evidence from the Emerging Taiwan Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 120-133, November.
    21. Nancy Huyghebaert & Qi Quan, 2011. "Ownership Dynamics after Partial Privatization: Evidence from China," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(2), pages 389-429.

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