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Insider ownership and corporate performance: evidence from Germany

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In this paper we address the question whether insider ownership affects corporate performance. Evidence coming from studies dealing with Anglo-Saxon countries is rather inconclusive, especially because it seems that results are significantly affected by endogeneity. Economically, this is due to the fact that in these countries insider ownership seems to be mainly driven by management's compensation contracts. We argue that Germany is different in this regard, as insider ownership often is related to family control, stock-based compensation is less widespread and the market for corporate control is less developed. Starting from this presumption our data allows to make an unbiased observation as to whether insider ownership affects firm performance. Using a pooled data set of 648 firm observations for the years 2003 and 1998 we find evidence for a positive and significant relationship between corporate performance as measured by stock price performance, market-to-book ratio and return on assets and insider ownership. This relationship seems to be rather robust, even if we account for endogeneity by applying a 2SLS regression approach. Moreover, we also find outside block ownership as well as more concentrated insider ownership to have a positive impact on corporate performance. Overall the results indicate that ownership structure might be an important variable explaining the long term value creation in the corporate sector.
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  • Christoph Kaserer & Benjamin Moldenhauer, 2008. "Insider ownership and corporate performance: evidence from Germany," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-35, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:rvmgts:v:2:y:2008:i:1:p:1-35
    DOI: 10.1007/s11846-007-0009-3
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    2. Schmid, Thomas & Ampenberger, Markus & Kaserer, Christoph & Achleitner, Ann-Kristin, 2010. "Controlling shareholders and payout policy: do founding families have a special 'taste for dividends'?," CEFS Working Paper Series 2010-01, Technische Universität München (TUM), Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS).
    3. Hakim Abdolkhani & Reza Jalali, 2013. "Effect of Managerial Ownership Concentrated on Firm Return and Value: Evidence from Iran Stock Market," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(1), pages 46-51, January.
    4. Hearn, Bruce, 2012. "The contrasting effects of board composition and structure on IPO firm underpricing in a developing context," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 33-44.
    5. Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Kaserer, Christoph & Ampenberger, Markus & Bitsch, Florian, 2009. "The German entrepreneurial index (GEX®): a primer on an ownership-based style index in Germany," CEFS Working Paper Series 2009-13, Technische Universität München (TUM), Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS).
    6. Christian Engelen & Christoph Pelger, 2014. "Determinanten der Integration von externer und interner Unternehmensrechnung–Eine empirische Analyse anhand der Segmentberichterstattung nach IFRS 8," Schmalenbach Journal of Business Research, Springer, vol. 66(3), pages 178-211, May.
    7. Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Kaserer, Christoph & Kauf, Tobias & Volk, Sarah, 2010. "DAXplus family: Ein Aktienindex zur Darstellung der Performance von Familienunternehmen [DAXplus Family – Primer on a family firm stock index in Germany]," CEFS Working Paper Series 2010-05, Technische Universität München (TUM), Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS).
    8. Hearn, Bruce, 2011. "The impact of corporate governance measures on the performance of West African IPO firms," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 130-151, June.
    9. Réal Labelle & Claude Francoeur & Faten Lakhal, 2015. "To Regulate Or Not To Regulate? Early Evidence on the Means Used Around the World to Promote Gender Diversity in the Boardroom," Gender, Work and Organization, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(4), pages 339-363, July.
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    11. Mojtba Rafiei & Seyede Atefe Hosseni Far, 2014. "Effect of State Ownership on Firm Performance and Dividend Payout Policy," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(7), pages 213-219, July.
    12. Kürsten, Wolfgang, 2013. "35 Jahre Jensen/Meckling und das Missverständnis um die (wahre) Zielfunktion der Aktionäre – Finanzierungstheoretisches Plädoyer zur Eignung der Principal-Agent-Theorie für die Lösung von Problemen de," Die Unternehmung - Swiss Journal of Business Research and Practice, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, vol. 67(1), pages 8-22.
    13. Hearn, Bruce, 2011. "The performance and the effects of family control in North African IPOs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 140-151, June.
    14. Nicolae Stef, 2021. "Institutions and corporate financial distress in Central and Eastern Europe," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 57-87, August.
    15. Haris Arshad & Attiya Yasmin Javid, 2014. "Does Inside Ownership Matters in Financial Decisions and Firm Performance: Evidence from Manufacturing Sector of Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 2014:107, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    16. Hearn, Bruce, 2014. "The impact of institutions, ownership structure, business angels, venture capital and lead managers on IPO firm underpricing across North Africa," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 19-42.
    17. Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Braun, Reiner & Kaserer, Christoph & Jarchow, Svenja & Keppler, Henry & Szewczyk, Justin, 2019. "Börsennotierte Familienunternehmen in Deutschland: Bedeutung, Merkmale, Performance," Studien, Stiftung Familienunternehmen / Foundation for Family Businesses, number 250033, December.
    18. Lai, Jung-Ho & Chen, Li-Yu & Chang, Shao-Chi, 2012. "The board mechanism and entry mode choice," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 379-392.
    19. Jostarndt, Philipp & Sautner, Zacharias, 2008. "Financial distress, corporate control, and management turnover," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 2188-2204, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ownership structure; Shareholder structure; Insider ownership; Firm performance; Corporate governance; Agency costs; G32;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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