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The international bank lending channel of monetary policy rates and quantitative easing : credit supply, reach-for-yield, and real effects

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  • Morais,Bernardo
  • Peydró,José-Luis
  • Ruiz Ortega,Claudia

Abstract

This paper identifies the international credit channel of monetary policy by analyzing the universe of corporate loans in Mexico, matched with firm and bank balance-sheet data, and by exploiting foreign monetary policy shocks, given the large presence of European and U.S. banks in Mexico. The paper finds that a softening of foreign monetary policy increases the supply of credit of foreign banks to Mexican firms. Each regional policy shock affects supply via their respective banks (for example, U.K. monetary policy affects credit supply in Mexico via U.K. banks), in turn implying strong real effects, with substantially larger elasticities from monetary rates than quantitative easing. Moreover, low foreign monetary policy rates and expansive quantitative easing increase disproportionally more the supply of credit to borrowers with higher ex ante loan rates -- reach-for-yield -- and with substantially higher ex post loan defaults, thus suggesting an international risk-taking channel of monetary policy. All in all, the results suggest that foreign quantitative easing increases risk-taking in emerging markets more than it improves the real outcomes of firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Morais,Bernardo & Peydró,José-Luis & Ruiz Ortega,Claudia, 2015. "The international bank lending channel of monetary policy rates and quantitative easing : credit supply, reach-for-yield, and real effects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7216, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:7216
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    Cited by:

    1. Barbone Gonzalez, Rodrigo & Khametshin, Dmitry & Peydró, José Luis & Polo, Andrea, 2018. "Hedger of Last Resort: Evidence from Brazilian FX Interventions, Local Credit and Global Financial Cycles," CEPR Discussion Papers 12817, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Demirguc-Kunt,Asli & Horvath,Balint Laszlo & Huizinga,Harry P., 2017. "Foreign banks and international transmission of monetary policy : evidence from the syndicated loan market," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7937, The World Bank.
    3. Baskaya, Yusuf Soner & di Giovanni, Julian & Kalemli-Özcan, Şebnem & Peydro, José-Luis & Ulu, Mehmet Fatih, 2017. "Capital flows and the international credit channel," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(S1), pages 15-22.
    4. repec:oup:jeurec:v:15:y:2017:i:4:p:721-745. is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:oup:revfin:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:1513-1555. is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Julian di Giovanni & Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Jose-Luis Peydro & Mehmet Fatih Ulu, 2016. "Capital flows, credit cycles and macroprudential policy," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy, volume 86, pages 63-68, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Jon Frost & Patty Duijm & Clemens Bonner & Leo Haan & Jakob Haan, 2019. "International Lending of Dutch Insurers and Pension Funds: the Impact of ECB Monetary Policy and Prudential Policies in the Host Country," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 445-456, July.
    8. Carlo Alcaraz & Stijn Claessens & Gabriel Cuadra & David Marques-Ibanez & Horacio Sapriza, 2018. "Whatever it takes. What's the impact of a major nonconventional monetary policy intervention?," BIS Working Papers 749, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Mircea Epure & Irina Mihai & Camelia Minoiu & José-Luis Peydró, 2017. "Household Credit, Global Financial Cycle, and Macroprudential Policies: Credit Register Evidence from an Emerging Country," Working Papers 1006, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    10. Bryan Hardy, 2018. "Foreign currency borrowing, balance sheet shocks and real outcomes," BIS Working Papers 758, Bank for International Settlements.
    11. Nuno Coimbra & Hélène Rey, 2017. "Financial Cycles with Heterogeneous Intermediaries," NBER Working Papers 23245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Stijn Claessens, 2017. "Global Banking: Recent Developments and Insights from Research," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(4), pages 1513-1555.
    13. Jin Cao & Valeriya Dinger, 2018. "Financial Globalization and Bank Lending: The Limits of Domestic Monetary Policy?," CESifo Working Paper Series 6900, CESifo Group Munich.
    14. Charles Abuka & Ronnie K Alinda & Camelia Minoiu & José-Luis Peydró & Andrea F Presbitero, 2015. "Monetary Policy in a Developing Country; Loan Applications and Real Effects," IMF Working Papers 15/270, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Armelius, Hanna & Bertsch, Christoph & Hull, Isaiah & Zhang, Xin, 2018. "Spread the Word: International Spillovers from Central Bank Communication," Working Paper Series 357, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    16. Elena Gerko & Hélène Rey, 2017. "Monetary Policy in the Capitals of Capital," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 721-745.
    17. Ricardo Correa & Teodora Paligorova & Horacio Sapriza & Andrei Zlate, 2017. "Cross-Border Bank Flows and Monetary Policy: Implications for Canada," Staff Working Papers 17-34, Bank of Canada.
    18. D'Avino, Carmela, 2018. "Quantitative easing, global banks and the international bank lending channel," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 234-246.
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    Keywords

    Access to Finance; Debt Markets; Bankruptcy and Resolution of Financial Distress; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Stabilization;

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